This page contains an interactive map that highlights the Bioenergy Technologies Office-funded biorefinery projects from the pilot, demonstration, and commercial scales. Learn more about the Office's integrated biorefinery (IBR) efforts in the IBR Portfolio Overview fact sheet. Scroll below the map to read more about IBRs.
Map of the United States, showing the locations of integrated biorefinery projects and summary information for each.
A crucial step in developing the U.S. bioindustry is to establish first-of-a-kind integrated biorefineries that are capable of efficiently converting a broad range of biomass feedstocks into commercially viable biofuels, biopower, and other bioproducts. Integrated biorefineries are similar to conventional refineries in that they produce a range of products to optimize both the use of the feedstock and production economics. Integrated biorefineries use novel technologies and diverse biomass feedstocks—requiring significant investments in research, development, and deployment to reduce costs and improve performance to achieve competitiveness with fossil fuels.
Integrated biorefineries employ various combinations of feedstock and conversion technologies to produce a variety of products, with the main focus on producing biofuels. Co-products can include chemicals (or other materials), animal feed, and heat and power. The renewable feedstocks utilized in integrated biorefineries include non-food sources, including the following:
Energy crops, such as switchgrass, miscanthus, willow, and poplar
Agricultural, forest, and industrial residues, such as bagasse, stover, straws, forest thinnings, sawdust and paper mill waste
Algae and other micro-organisms.
Federal support for first-of-a-kind integrated biorefineries can help validate costs and performance, thus reducing the technical and financial risks associated with new technology deployment. Reduced risks will allow access to private financing, which is necessary to accelerate growth in the U.S. bioindustry. This work supports the national "all-of-the-above" strategy to develop every source of American energy—reducing costs to consumers and improving energy security.
Project Fact Sheets
BETO has worked with its partners to create fact sheets that outline the basics of each biorefinery. Please read these fact sheets for more information on the projects.
- Recovery Act - Active
- ADM Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Algenol Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Amyris Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- API Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Bluefire Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Clear Fuels Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Enerkem Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Haldor Topsoe Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- ICM Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- INEOS Bio Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Logos Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Myriant Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- REII Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Sapphire Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Solazyme Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- UOP Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- ZeaChem Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Making Industrial Biorefining Happen
- Integrated Corn-Based Biorefinery
- Advancing Biorefining of Distiller's Grain and Corn Stover Blends
- Big Island Demonstration Project - Black Liquor
- Collection, Commercial Processing, and Utilization of Corn Stover
- Enhancement of Co-Products From Bioconversion of Municipal Solid Waste
- A New Biorefinery Platform Intermediate
- A Second-Generation Dry Mill Biorefinery
- Separation of Corn Fiber and Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals: Pilot-Scale Operation
- GTI Recovery Act Biorefinery Project
- Verenium Biofuels Corporation Demonstration Scale Biorefinery
- Elevance Recovery Act Biorefinery Project