U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Bioenergy Technologies Office

Replacing the Whole Barrel Text Version

This flash animation widget describes the Department of Energy's vision of "Replacing the Whole Barrel" of petroleum crude with biomass-derived fuels and products. The layered barrel graphic shows products made from a typical barrel of crude oil according to data from the Energy Information Administration in 2010: diesel (10 gallons), jet fuel (4 gallons), gasoline (19 gallons), and other products (12 gallons).

The United States spends nearly $1 billion a day on imported oil. Clicking the droplets below the barrel navigates to screens for each of the four major barrel product categories.*

* Energy Information Administration. Layers show products made from a barrel of crude oil (gallons) in 2010.

Diesel

Biomass-based diesel blendstocks

  • Potential Markets
    • Light-to heavy-duty vehicles; military; rail
  • Technologies in Biomass Portfolio
    • Biochemical- pretreatment, hydrolysis, fermentation, hydrogeneration
    • Thermochemical- gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction, upgrading thermochemical intermediates
    • Algal- sunlight/CO2/nutrients to algal oils then hydrotreating or metathesis chemistry
  • Bioenergy Technologies Office Project Partners
    • Targeted R&D
      • ANL1,2
      • BMI
      • Danisco1
      • DSM
      • GTI
      • HCL Cleantech1
      • INL1,2
      • MBI
      • NABC
      • Novozymes1
      • NREL
      • PNNL
      • SABC
      • TEES1
      • UOP
      • W.R. Grace
      • RTI

1Focusing on upstream processes that can be leveraged
2Participating in cross-cutting activities

    • Integrated biorefinery demonstrations
      • Amyris
      • Clearfuels/Rentech
      • Elevance
      • Flambeau
      • GTI
      • NewPage
      • REII
      • Sapphire
      • Solazyme
      • UOP

Jet Fuel

Biomass-based jetblendstocks

  • Potential Markets
    • Commercial and military aviation
  • Technologies in Biomass Portfolio
    • Biochemical- pretreatment, hydrolysis, fermentation, catalytic conversion, hydroprocessing
    • Thermochemical- gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction, upgrading thermochemical intermediates
    • Algal- sunlight/CO2/nutrients to algal oils upgrading or metathesis chemistry
  • Bioenergy Technologies Office Project Partners
    • Targeted R&D
      • ANL1
      • BMI
      • GTI
      • HCL Cleantech1
      • Iowa State University
      • INL1,2
      • Lanza Tech
      • MBI
      • NAABB
      • NABC
      • NREL
      • RTI
      • TEES1
      • University of Massachusetts
      • UOP
      • Virent
      • Virginia Tech
      • W.R. Grace

1Focusing on upstream processes that can be leveraged
2Participating in cross-cutting activities

    • Intergrated biorefinery demonstrations
      • Cleanfuels/Rentech
      • Elevance
      • RSA
      • Sapphire
      • Solazyme

Gasoline

Biomass-based gasoline blendstocks (ethanol and renewable gasoline)

  • Potential Markets
    • Light-duty vehicles
  • Technologies in Biomass Portfolio
    • Biochemical- pretreatment, hydrolysis, fermentation, catalytic conversion, hydroprocessing
    • Thermochemical- gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction, upgrading thermochemical intermediates
    • Algal- sunlight/CO2/nutrients to ethanol
  • Bioenergy Technologies Office Project Partners
    • Targeted R&D
      • ANL1,2
      • Cargill
      • Danisco1
      • DSM
      • DuPont
      • GTI
      • INL1,2
      • LanzaTech
      • Masacoma
      • MBI
      • NAABB
      • NABC
      • Novozymes1
      • NREL
      • PNNL
      • RTI
      • TEES
      • UOP
      • Virent
      • W.R. Grace

1Focusing on upstream processes that can be leveraged
2Participating in cross-cutting activities

    • Intergrated biorefinery demonstrations
      • Abengoa
      • ADM
      • Algenol
      • API
      • Blue Fire
      • Enerkem
      • GTI
      • Haldor Topsoe
      • ICM
      • INEOS
      • Lignol
      • Logos
      • Masacoma
      • Pacific Ethanol
      • POET
      • RSA
      • UOP
      • Verenium
      • Zeachem

Other Products*

*Other Products include heating oil and other distillates, heavy fuel, liquified petroleum gases, and more.

Biomass-based products

  • Potential Markets
    • Plastics, solvents, alcohols, specialty chemicals
  • Technologies in Biomass Portfolio
    • Biochemical- pretreatment, hydrolysis, fermentation
    • Thermochemical- gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction, upgrading thermochemical intermediates
    • Algal- methathesis chemistry
  • Bioenergy Technologies Office Project Partners
    • Targeted R&D
      • ANL1,2
      • Danisco1
      • DSM1
      • Genomatica
      • General Atomics
      • INL1,2
      • LanzaTech
      • MBI1
      • NAABB
      • NREL1
      • PNNL
      • TEES1
      • Virginia Tech
      • Virent
      • W.R. Grace

1Focusing on upstream processes that can be leveraged
2Participating in cross-cutting activities

    • Intergrated biorefinery demonstrations
      • ADM
      • Amyris
      • API
      • Elevance
      • Flambeau
      • Myriant
      • New Page
      • Pacific Ethanol
      • RSA
      • Zeachem

For more information, view the Bioenergy Technologies Office Overview, available on the "About the Program" Web page.