Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines
Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines since 2012. Refrigerated beverage vending machines dispense cooled bottles or cans of beverages, and some of these machines also dispense other merchandise. Refrigerated beverage vending machines are installed inside or outside of commercial, residential, and public establishments, such as gas stations, hotels and motels, apartments or dormitories, and government buildings.
The current standard will save approximately 0.16 quads of energy and result in approximately $1.8 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2012-2041. The standard will avoid about 9.8 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 1.9 million automobiles.
The standards and test procedures for this product are related to rulemaking for refrigerated beverage vending machines energy conservation standards.
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DOE has issued a pre-publication final rule regarding test procedures for refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines. (July 15, 2015). The effective date of this rule is 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. Compliance with Appendix A will be mandatory for representations made on or after 180 days after publication in the Federal Register. For more information, please see the test procedure rulemaking webpage.
Standards for Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines
The following content summarizes the energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines. The text is not an official reproduction of the Code of Federal Regulations and should not be used for legal research or citation.
Refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines covered under this regulation fall into two classes:
- Class A – a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine that is fully cooled, and is not a combination machine.
- Class B – any refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine not considered to be Class A, and is not a combination vending machine.
Refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines manufactured on or after August 31, 2012 and distributed in commerce, as defined by 42 U.S.C. 6291(16), must meet the energy conservation standards specified in the Code of Federal Regulations, 10 CFR 431.296. This information is also available in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.
Table 1. Maximum Daily Energy Consumption for Refrigerated Bottled or
Canned Beverage Vending Machines
||Maximum daily energy consumption
(kilowatt hours per day)*
|Class A – a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine that is fully cooled, and is not a combination vending machine
||MDEC = 0.055 x V + 2.56
|Class B – a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine not considered to be Class A, and is not a combination vending machine
||MDEC = 0.073 x V + 3.16
|Combination Vending Machines – a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage machine that also has non-refrigerated volumes for the purpose of vending other, non-“sealed beverage” merchandise
* when measured at the 75 °F ± 2 °F and 45 ± 5% RH condition
Current Test Procedure
To determine compliance with DOE standards, manufacturers must follow the test procedures specified at 10 CFR 431.294 for refrigerated beverage vending machines. These are also in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.
- Final Rule, Federal Register, 71 FR 71340, December 8, 2006
- Docket No. EERE-2006-TP-0121 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents
For further guidance or to submit questions related to the implementation of this standard, visit the Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions page.
Test procedure waivers have not been issued for refrigerated beverage vending machines. For information about obtaining test procedure waivers, see 10 CFR section 431 subpart V.
DOE's Office of Hearings and Appeals has not authorized exception relief for refrigerated beverage vending machines. For information about obtaining exception relief, see 10 CFR part 1003.
State Exemptions to Federal Preemption
DOE did not exempt any state from this energy conservation standard. States may petition DOE to exempt a state regulation from preemption by the federal energy conservation standard. States may also petition DOE to withdraw such exemptions. For details, see 10 CFR 431 subpart V or 10 CFR 431 subpart W.
The current energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines are mandated by Part A, the ‘‘Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles’’ of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended. (42 U.S.C. 6291–6309) These appliances are treated as covered products under Part A. (42 U.S.C. 6295(v))
DOE established energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage machines in 2009, and test procedures in 2006.
Helpful Links and Contact Information
Find tips and guidance for making your home, workplace, or vehicle more energy efficient visit EnergySaver.gov.
DOE supports the testing and verification of ENERGY STAR® products in close collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency. ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerated beverage vending machines are 50% more energy efficient than standard machine models.
For more information related to the regulation of this product, please email: