Residential Kitchen Ranges and Ovens
Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy’s (DOE) energy conservation standards for residential kitchen ranges and ovens since 1990. Residential kitchen ranges and ovens include conventional ranges, conventional cooking tops, conventional ovens, microwave ovens, and microwave/conventional ranges, known collectively as cooking products. Cooking products cook or heat food by means of gas, electricity, or microwave energy. These products are used primarily in homes and apartments. Kitchen ranges and ovens do not include portable or countertop ovens that use electric resistance heating or are designed to use an electrical supply of approximately 120 volts. For information about microwave ovens, go to microwave ovens.
The current standard will save approximately 0.18 quads of energy and result in approximately $2.3 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2012-2041. The standard will avoid about 9.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 1.9 million automobiles.
Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information
DOE issued a pre-publication Federal Register supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for conventional cooking products. (November 24, 2014) For more information, please see the rulemaking page.
DOE published a request for information and notice of document availability regarding energy conservation standards for residential conventional cooking products. 79 FR 8337 (February 12, 2014). For more information, see the rulemaking page.
DOE published a final rule regarding test procedures (standby mode and off mode) for conventional cooking products. 77 FR 65942 (October 31, 2012). For more information, see the rulemaking page.
Standards for Residential Kitchen Ranges and Ovens
The following content summarizes the energy factor requirements and amended standards of the DOE regulations. The text is not an official reproduction of the Code of Federal Regulations and should not be used for legal research or citation.
Energy conservation standards pertain specifically to gas cooking products. Residential kitchen ranges and ovens manufactured and distributed in commerce, as defined by 42 U.S.C. 6291(16), must meet the energy conservation standards specified in the Code of Federal Regulations, 10 CFR 430.32(j). This information is also available in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.
(1) Gas cooking products with an electrical supply cord shall not be equipped with a constant burning pilot light. This standard is effective on January 1, 1990.
(2) Gas cooking products without an electrical supply cord shall not be equipped with a constant burning pilot light. This standard is effective on April 9, 2012.
For further guidance or to submit questions related to the implementation of this standard, visit the Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions page.
Current Test Procedure
To determine compliance with DOE standards, manufacturers must follow the test procedures specified at 10 CFR 430.23(i) for residential kitchen ranges and ovens. The methods to conduct the test procedure are further specified in 10 CFR Part 430 Appendix I to Subpart B. These are also in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.
For further guidance or to submit questions related to the implementation of this test procedure, visit the Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions page.
Test procedure waivers have not been issued for residential kitchen ranges and ovens.
For information about obtaining test procedure waivers, see 10 CFR 430.27.
DOE's Office of Hearings and Appeals has not authorized exception relief for conventional cooking products.
For information about obtaining exception relief, see 10 CFR part 1003.
State Exemptions to Federal Pre-emption
DOE has not exempted any state from this energy conservation standard. States may petition DOE to exempt a state regulation from preemption by the Federal energy conservation standard. States may also petition DOE to withdraw such exemptions. For details, see CFR part 430, Subpart D.
Small Business Exemptions
Any manufacturer of a covered product with annual gross revenues that do not exceed $8,000,000 from all its operations and meets certain other conditions may apply for an exemption to the energy conservation standard. For details, see CFR part 430, Subpart E.
The current energy conservation standards for conventional cooking products are mandated by Part A, the ‘‘Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles’’ of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended. (42 U.S.C. 6291–6309) Kitchen ranges and ovens are covered products under Part A. (42 U.S.C. 6292(a)(10))
EPCA required DOE to determine whether amended, more stringent standards would be technologically feasible and economically justified. On April 8, 2009, DOE published a final rule amending the energy conservation standards for gas and electric kitchen ranges and ovens. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 also amended EPCA to direct DOE to amend its test procedure for kitchen ranges and ovens to include measures of standby mode and off mode energy consumption.
Helpful Links and Contact Information
Find tips and guidance for making your home, workplace, or vehicle more energy efficient visit EnergySavers.gov.
For more information related to the regulation of this product, please email: