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Commercial and Industrial Air and Gas Compressors

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The Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, (EPCA) covers certain commercial and industrial equipment, including compressors, for which the Department of Energy (DOE) is authorized to establish energy conservation standards. DOE has determined that EPCA covers commercial and industrial air compressors and natural gas compressors, and is currently considering test procedures and energy conservation standards for each type of equipment. 

Compression of a gas, such as air or natural gas, is a thermodynamic process whereby the gas enters a compressor machine or apparatus at one condition of pressure, volume, and temperature and exits at a condition of increased pressure and temperature with corresponding decreased volume. Compressed air can be converted into useful work to power a wide variety of commercial and industrial equipment that use large volumes of air, such as pneumatic manufacturing tools in automated factories used for assembling car parts and bulk packaging of consumer products. Natural gas compressors can be used in the gathering, transmission, and distribution of natural gas.


Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information


Recent Updates

COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL NATURAL GAS COMPRESSORS: DOE published a Federal Register notice of public meeting for natural gas compressors. 79 FR 70797 (November 28, 2014) A public meeting was held on December 17, 2014 in Washington, DC. For more information, please see the rulemaking page

COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL AIR COMPRESSORS:  DOE published in the Federal Register a notice of public meeting and availability of the Framework Document regarding energy conservation standards for commercial and industrial air compressors. 79 FR 6839 (February 5, 2014). For more information, please see the docket

DOE published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed determination of coverage of commercial and industrial compressors. 77 FR 76972 (December 31, 2012). For more information, please see the docket.


Standards for Commercial and Industrial Air and Gas Compressors

There are currently no federal energy conservations standards for commercial and industrial air compressors or natural gas compressors.

Test Procedure for Commercial and Industrial Air and Gas Compressors

There are currently no federal test procedures for commercial and industrial air compressors or natural gas compressors.

Waivers, Exceptions, and Exemptions

Because there are no federal energy conservation standards or test procedures for commercial and industrial compressors, the provisions of 10 CFR Part 431 and Part 1003 that apply to waivers, exceptions, and state exemptions to Federal pre-emption are not relevant.

Statutory Authority

Part A-1 of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 6291-6317 (EPCA) establishes the "Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment." The purpose of Part A-1 is to improve the efficiency of various types of industrial equipment to conserve the energy resources of the Nation, which includes compressors. (42 U.S.C. 6311(2)(B)(i)). Commercial or industrial compressors are listed as a type of covered equipment for which DOE may establish energy conservation standards consistent with 42 U.S.C. 6311 and 6312.

Historical Information

In considering energy conservation standards for commercial and industrial compressors, DOE will conduct an analysis of the potential energy savings, economic benefits, environmental or energy security benefits of efficient compressors, as well as impacts on manufacturers and consumers of compressors, impacts on competition, the environment, and non-regulatory or voluntary approaches, and other relevant impacts as required by EPCA and described under appendix A to subpart C of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 430.

Helpful Links and Contact Information

Helpful Links

Find tips and guidance for making your home, workplace, or vehicle more energy efficient visit EnergySavers.gov.

Contact information

For more information related to the regulation of this product, please email:


compressors@ee.doe.gov