Computer and Backup Battery Systems

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Computer and backup battery systems (computer systems) are a consumer product whose primary function is to perform logical operations and process data, or equipment whose primary function is to maintain continuity of load power for such products in case of input power failure. Computers, servers, and UPSs are examples of computer systems.

If DOE issues a final determination that computer systems are a covered product, DOE may prescribe test procedures and energy conservation standards for computer systems. DOE will determine if computer systems satisfy the provisions of 42 U.S.C. 6295(l)(1) during the course of any energy conservation standards rulemaking.

Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information

Recent Updates

DOE published a notice of public meeting and availability of the Framework Document to initiate the rulemaking and data collection process to consider establishing energy conservation standards for computer and battery backup systems. 79 FR 41656 (July 17, 2014). The Framework Document details the analytical approach and scope of coverage for the rulemaking and identifies several issues for which DOE is particularly interested in receiving comments. For more information, including detailed information on the public meeting scheduled for July 31, 2014, please see the rulemaking page.

Standards for Computer and Backup Battery Systems

There are currently no standards for computer systems.

Test Procedure for Computer and Backup Battery Systems

There is not currently a regulatory test procedure for computer systems.

Waivers, Exceptions, and Exemptions

Because there are no energy conservation standards or test procedures for computer systems, the provisions of 10 CFR Part 430 and Part 1003 that apply to waivers, exceptions, state exemptions to Federal pre-emption, and small business exemptions are not relevant.

Statutory Authority

Part A of the "Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles" of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended, mandates energy conservation standards for certain consumer products. (42 U.S.C. § 6291–6309 ) In addition to specifying a list of covered residential and commercial products, EPCA contains provisions that enable the Secretary of Energy to classify additional types of consumer products as covered products.(42 U.S.C. 6292(b)). These include:

  1. Classifying the product as a covered product is necessary for the purposes of EPCA; and
  2. The average annual per-household energy use by products of such type is likely to exceed 100 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year. (42 U.S.C. 6292(b)(1))

For the Secretary to prescribe an energy conservation standard pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 6295(o) and (p) for covered products added pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 6292(b) , he must also determine that the products meet certain additional criteria. DOE will determine if computers satisfy the provisions of 42 U.S.C. 6295(l)(1) during the course of the energy conservation standards rulemaking.

Historical Information

DOE has not previously conducted an energy conservation standard or test procedure rulemaking for computer systems. If, after public comment, DOE issues a final determination of coverage, DOE may prescribe both test procedures and energy conservation standards for computer systems.

Helpful Links and Contact Information

Helpful Links

Find tips and guidance for making your home, workplace, or vehicle more energy efficient visit EnergySavers.gov.

DOE supports the testing and verification of ENERGY STAR® products in close collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency.

Contact information

For more information related to the regulation of this product, please email: