U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Building Technologies Office – Market-Based Programs

Standards Development for Solid-State Lighting

Standards Development Partner Logos: American National Standards Institute (ANSI), Underwriters Laboratory (UL), CSA International, IEC, NEMA, IES, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), IEEE and CIE.

To accelerate the development and implementation of needed standards for solid-state lighting products, DOE works closely with a network of standards-setting organizations and offers technical assistance and support.

Since 2006, DOE has hosted ongoing workshops to convene the key standards organizations and foster greater coordination and collaboration among related efforts. Attendees provide updates on progress as well as input on potential additional standards needed. Combined ANSI/IES meetings and working group conference calls have resulted in significant progress.

Current Standards and White Papers 

ANSI C78.377-2008, Specifications for the Chromaticity of Solid-State Lighting Products
Specifies recommended chromaticity (color) ranges for white LEDs with various correlated color temperatures (CCTs). Available free as an electronic download. Hard copies can be purchased from the ANSI and NEMA websites.

IES G-2, Guideline for the Application of General Illumination ("White") Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Technologies
Provides lighting and design professionals with a general understanding of LED technology as it pertains to interior and exterior illumination, as well as useful design and application guidance for effective use of LEDs. Electronic copies may be purchased online through the IES store.

IES LM-79-2008, Approved Method for the Electrical and Photometric Testing of Solid-State Lighting Devices
Specifies a standard test method for measuring the photometric properties of SSL devices, allowing calculation of luminaire efficacy. Electronic copies may be purchased online through the IES store.

IES LM-80-2008, Approved Method for Measuring Lumen Depreciation of LED Light Sources
Specifies a standard method for measuring the lumen depreciation of LEDs, allowing calculation of LED lifetime. Electronic copies may be purchased online through the IES store.

IES LM-82-2012, Approved Method for the Characterization of LED Light Engines and LED Lamps for Electrical and Photometric Properties as a Function of Temperature
Provides a method for measuring the lumen degradation of light engine products at various temperatures in support of manufacturers determining LED luminaire reliability and lifetime characteristics. Electronic copies may be purchased online through the IES store.

IES RP-16 Addenda a and b, Nomenclature and Definitions for Illuminating Engineering
Provides industry-standard definitions for terminology related to solid-state lighting. Electronic copies may be purchased online through the IES store.

IES TM-21-2011, Projecting Long Term Lumen Maintenance of LED Light Sources
Specifies a recommended method for projecting the lumen maintenance of LED light sources based on LM-80 collected data. Electronic copies may be purchased online through the IES store.

NEMA SSL 1-2010, Electronic Drivers for LED Devices, Arrays, or Systems
Provides specifications for and operating characteristics of non-integral electronic drivers (power supplies) for LED devices, arrays, or systems intended for general lighting applications. Electronic copies can be purchased from the NEMA website.

NEMA SSL 3-2011, High-Power White LED Binning for General Illumination
Provides a consistent format for categorizing (binning) color varieties of LEDs during their production and integration into lighting products. Electronic copies can be purchased from the NEMA website.

NEMA SSL 4-2012, Retrofit Lamps: Minimum Performance Requirements
Provides performance criteria standards for integral LED lamps, including color, light output, operating voltage. lumen maintenance, size, and electrical characteristics. Electronic copies can be purchased from the NEMA website.

NEMA SSL 6-2010, Solid State Lighting for Incandescent Replacement—Dimming
Provides guidance for those seeking to design and build or work with solid state lighting products intended for retrofit into systems that previously used incandescent screw base lamps. Addresses dimming of these products and the interaction between the dimmer (control) and the bulb (lamp). Electronic copies can be purchased from the NEMA website.

NEMA SSL 7A-2013, Phase Cut Dimming for Solid State Lighting: Basic Compatibility
Provides recommendations for applying and matching phase cut dimming technology to LED products. Electronic copies can be purchased from the NEMA website.

UL 8750, Safety Standard for Light Emitting Diode (LED) Equipment for Use in Lighting Products
Specifies the minimum safety requirements for SSL components, including LEDs and LED arrays, power supplies, and control circuitry. Hard copies may be purchased from the UL website.

Standards in Development

  • ANSI C82.XX1, LED Drivers Reliability
  • CIE TC1-69, Color Quality Scale
  • IES LM-79 (revision), Approved Method for the Electrical and Photometric Testing of Solid-State Lighting Devices
  • IES LM-80 (revision), Approved Method for Measuring Lumen Depreciation of LED Light Sources
  • IES LM-84, Method for Measuring Lumen Maintenance of LED Lamps, Light Engines, and Luminaires
  • IES LM-85, Approved Method for the Measurements of High Power LEDs
  • IES LM-XX4, Method for the Electrical and Photometric Measurements of Organic LED (OLED) Light Sources
  • IES LM-XX5, LED Reliability Tests
  • IES LM-XX6, AC LED Measurements
  • IES TM-26, Method for Estimating the Rated Life of an LED Product
  • IES TM-28, Prediction of Lumen Maintenance of LED Lamps and Luminaires
  • UL 1598C (revision), Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Retrofit Luminaire Conversion Kits