Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum 2005 Meeting and Presentations

Around 80 people attended the Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum (NGVTF) Meeting in Washington, DC, on August 2-4, 2005. The meeting featured a work review of natural gas vehicle R&D projects supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. Presentations focused on opportunities and issues facing the natural gas vehicle industry, including:

For more information about the meeting and presenters, see the agenda.

Natural Gas Vehicle Market Drivers

U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Market
Andrew J. Littlefair, Clean Energy
Summary: Discussed Clean Energy's success as a provider of vehicular natural gas—compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)—as well as its market drivers, opportunities, and needs.
Posted on this site with permission from Clean Energy.

International Markets for Gaseous Fueled Vehicles
K. Bruce Hodgins, Westport Innovations, Inc.
Summary: Talked about Westport's global market drivers and activity, including natural gas vehicle projects in Canada, Japan, Europe, Australia, and China.
Posted on this site with permission from Westport Innovations, Inc.

Clean Cities International
Marcy Rood, U.S. Department of Energy
Summary: Provided an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities International Program, including its activities and impacts on natural gas vehicle deployment.

BAF Technologies–California Air Pollution Control Officer's Association
William Calvert, BAF Technologies
Summary: Discusses BAF Technologies' company background, facilities, and its market focus.
Posted on this site with permission from BAF Technologies.

Natural Gas Vehicle Rules, Regulations, Codes and Standards

California Fleet Vehicle Rules Update
Henry Hogo, South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD)
Summary: Presented an overview of current natural gas fleet vehicle rules, including those for waste hauler diesel retrofits and transit buses, as well as their impacts.
Posted on this site with permission from the South Coast AQMD.

Natural Gas Vehicle Regulatory/Legislative Update
Paul Kerkoven, Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition
Summary: Provided an update on congressional legislation—the Energy Bill, the Highway Bill, and fiscal year 2006 appropriations—and the impact on natural gas vehicle technology and deployment.
Posted on this site with permission from the Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition.

Natural Gas Vehicle Codes and Standards Update
Hank Seiff, Clean Vehicle Education Foundation
Summary: Explained how the Clean Vehicle Education Foundation represents natural gas vehicle technology interests regarding codes and standards, and provided an overview of current codes and standards issues.
Posted on this site with permission from the Clean Vehicle Education Foundation.

Natural Gas Vehicle Engine Development

Next Generation Natural Gas Vehicle Projects
Richard Parish, NREL
Summary: Provided an overview of current and completed natural gas vehicle projects funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. See corresponding table for more information about the projects.

Natural Gas Engine Program Summary
Ken Murphy, Mack Trucks, Inc.
Summary: Summarized Volvo Powertrain North America's/Mack Truck's natural gas engine programs, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and the South Coast Air Quality Management District, using three–way catalyst and variable valve actuation technologies.
Posted on this site with permission from Timothy A. Suder, Mack Trucks, Inc.

Natural Gas Engine Development
Jeffrey Noonan–Day, John Deere
Summary: Discussed John Deere's project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, to develop, certify, and test natural gas engines with ratings of 250 hp/735 ft. lbs. or higher, and emission standards of 0.1/bhp–hr for trucks and 0.5/bhp–hr for buses.
Posted on this site with permission from Jeffrey Noonan–Day, John Deere.

Development of a Cummins Westport SI–EGR Natural Gas Engine at 0.2 g/bhp–hr NOx
Dr. Mostafa Kamel, Cummins Westport
Summary: Discussed Cummins Westport's project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, to develop a natural gas engine with low emissions and high efficiency.
Posted on this site with permission from Dr. M. Kamel, Cummins Westport.

Developments Towards U.S. EPA 07 Using HPDI for Class 8 Tractors
K. Bruce Hodgins, Westport Innovations
Summary: Discussed Westport Innovations' project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions using HPDI for Class 8 tractors.
Posted on this site with permission from Westport Innovations, Inc.

Comparative Costs of 2010 Heavy–Duty Diesel and Natural Gas Technologies
Michael D. Jackson, TIAX, LLC
Summary: Provided an overview of TIAX's comparison of initial owner life cycle costs for refuse haulers, transit buses, and Class 7/8 trucks using 2010 diesel and natural gas technologies.
Posted on this site with permission from TIAX, LLC

Baytech Light–, Medium–, and Heavy–Duty Gaseous Fuel Systems
Rebecca Royer, Baytech Corporation
Summary: Discussed Baytech's natural gas vehicle technology systems, including its compressed natural gas (CNG) dedicated systems, CNG dual fuel systems, and multi–port, fuel–injection systems.
Posted on this site with permission from Baytech Corporation.

BAF Technologies—California Air Pollution Control Officer's Association
William Calvert, BAF Technologies
Summary: Discusses BAF Technologies alternative fuel systems, including system certifications, engine specifications, and applications.
Posted on this site with permission from BAF Technologies.

Natural Gas Vehicle Cylinder Safety, Training and Inspection Report
Dennis Smith, U.S. Department of Energy
Summary: Provided an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's natural gas vehicle cylinder safety project.

Landfill Gas—Liquefied Natural Gas for Vehicles

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Truck Fuel from Landfill Gas
James Wegrzyn, Brookhaven National Laboratory
Summary: Provided information about a U.S. Department of Energy project that demonstrates regularly scheduled operation of two refuse haulers using LNG from landfill gas.

Raw Landfill Gas as Renewable Energy Source for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Used by Refuse Trucks, Buses, and Other Vehicles
Bruce Smackey, Mack Trucks, Inc.
Summary: Discussed results of a project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, showing that LNG from landfill gas created no adverse effects to heavy–duty engine performance, reliability, and durability.
Posted on this site with permission from Mack Trucks, Inc.

Landfill Gas to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) with CO2 Wash Process
W. Jeffrey Cook, Acrion Technologies
Summary: Explained Acrion's CO2 Wash™ Process used to convert landfill gas into LNG.
Posted on this site with permission from Acrion Technologies.

State of New Jersey Organic Waste–to–Transportation Fuel Initiative
Robert W. Simkins, Burlington County Resource Recovery Complex
Summary: Provided an overview of New Jersey's initiative to fuel refuse trucks with liquefied natural gas produced from landfill gas.
Posted on this site with permission from Burlington County Resource Recovery Complex.

National Perspective on Opportunities for Producing a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) from Landfill Gas
Brian Guzzone, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Summary: Provided an overview of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Landfill Methane Outreach Program and its efforts supporting the development of LNG.

Regional Natural Gas Vehicle Partnerships

New York/Northeast Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership
Joseph Darling, Vice Chairman, New York/Northeast Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership (NY/NENGVP)
Summary: Explained the partnership's mission and goals, including creating airport clean zones, working with school districts, and identifying taxi and shuttle fleets for compressed natural gas.
Posted on this site with permission from the NY/NENGVP.

Natural Gas Vehicle Emission Testing and Evaluation Tools

Low–Emission School Bus Testing
Richard Parish, NREL
Summary: Discussed a U.S. Department of Energy project to determine emissions levels of the best available low–emission school buses, including natural gas buses, at NREL's ReFUEL Laboratory.

Estimating the SIP Benefits of Your AVF Fleets with AirCRED
Andy Burnham and Chris Saricks, Argonne National Laboratory
Summary: Demonstrated how fleet managers can use the AirCRED tool to calculate ozone emission reduction credits as part of their State Implementation Plans (SIP).

Natural Gas Fuel Prices and Availability

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, March 2005
Dennis Smith, U.S. Department of Energy
Summary: Discussed this Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, which shows natural gas vehicle fuel prices remaining stable compared with other fuels.

America's Natural Gas Market Challenge
Christopher McGill, American Gas Association
Summary: Presented the gas demand outlook, which shows how the United States needs to increase its production and supply in new areas to meet the demand, especially the supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Posted on this site with permission from the American Gas Association.

Natural Gas Availability—LNG Imports
Cliff Gladstein, Gladstein, Neandross & Associates
Summary: Discussed existing, proposed, and potential North American liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals, as well as total LNG import capacity.
Posted on this site with permission from Gladstein, Neandross & Associates.

Natural Gas Vehicle Technology—Transition to Hydrogen

Pathways to Hydrogen – The Transportation Boom in Asia: Crisis & Opportunity for the U.S.
Joanna Underwood, INFORM
Summary: Presented INFORM's research concerning the trends in oil consumption and transportation growth in China and India, and the resulting impacts on the United States, including opportunities for the transition to hydrogen.
Posted on this site with permission from INFORM.

Report on South Coast Air Quality Management District's Hydrogen Program
Naveen Berry, South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD)
Summary: Talked about the South Coast AQMD's hydrogen vehicle, fueling, and infrastructure projects in California.
Posted on this site with permission from the South Coast AQMD.

Transition to Hydrogen—Overview and Status
Sigmund Gronich, U.S. Department of Energy
Summary: Provided an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's hydrogen transportation project objectives and targets, and presented a hydrogen economy timeline.

Integrating Hydrogen into Existing Clean Fuel Corridors
Cliff Gladstein, Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor
Summary: Presented the opportunities and challenges using existing clean transportation corridors for hydrogen fueled vehicles.
Posted on this site with permission from Gladstein, Neandross & Associates.

Transition to Hydrogen with Natural Gas Vehicle Technology
Alan Welch, Westport Innovations
Summary: Discussed how natural gas vehicle technology can be used for hydrogen internal combustion engines.
Posted on this site with permission from Westport Innovations, Inc.

Air Products—Hydrogen Fuel Current Activities
Tom Joseph, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
Summary: Discussed Air Products' distribution of hydrogen fuel, including pipelines, delivery trucks, challenges, safety issues, and fueling issues.
Posted on this site with permission from Air Products.