Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group
The Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), launched in October 2006, provides a forum for effective communication and collaboration among participants in DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCT) cost-shared research directed at distributed bio-liquid reforming. The Working Group includes individuals from DOE, the national laboratories, industry, and academia.
Biomass is an abundant renewable resource (over one billion dry tons could be available annually) and is a potential feedstock for hydrogen production. Hydrogen can be produced by reforming bio-liquids such as sugars, ethanol, or bio-oils or through gasification or pyrolysis of biomass feedstocks. In the near term, distributed hydrogen production technologies such as bio-liquid reforming may be the most viable renewable hydrogen pathway due to lower capital investment requirements (including hydrogen transport and delivery infrastructure). The DOE FCT Office is cost-sharing research to address technical challenges and lower the cost of producing hydrogen from renewable liquids as part of FCT's Hydrogen Production Subprogram.
The BILIWG Working Group provides a forum for effective communication and collaboration among participants in DOE-FCT cost-shared research directed at distributed bio-liquid reforming. The working group will promote and facilitate the exchange of knowledge, lessons learned, and other pertinent information of common interest. It will aim to reduce unnecessary duplication of efforts, leverage unique expertise and facilities, and foster partnerships and information sharing that can accelerate the development and deployment of distributed bio-liquid reforming and hydrogen purification technologies. The technical challenges to be addressed include reforming (e.g., catalyst efficiency, lifetime), hydrogen recovery, and purification.