Fuel Cell Technical Publications

Technical information about fuel cells published in technical reports, conference proceedings, journal articles, and Web sites is provided here.

General

Economic Impact of Fuel Cell Deployment in Forklifts and for Backup Power under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act—This report by Argonne National Laboratory presents estimates of economic impacts associated with expenditures under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, also known as the Recovery Act, by the U.S. Department of Energy for the deployment of fuel cells in forklift and backup power applications. (April 2013).

An Evaluation of the Total Cost of Ownership of Fuel Cell-Powered Material Handling Equipment—This report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory discusses an analysis of the total cost of ownership of fuel cell-powered and traditional battery-powered material handling equipment, including the capital costs of battery and fuel cell systems, the cost of supporting infrastructure, maintenance costs, warehouse space costs, and labor costs. (April 2013).

2012 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office—This FY 2012 report updates the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (September 2012).

The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2011: Energizing America's Top Companies—This report was developed by Fuel Cells 2000 with support from the Fuel Cell Technologies program. The report profiles nationally recognizable companies and corporations that are deploying or demonstrating fuel cells for powering forklifts and providing combined heat and power to their stores and headquarters. (November 2011).

2011 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office—This FY 2011 report updates the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (September 2011).

2010 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report—This report describes data compiled in 2011 on trends in the fuel cell industry for 2010 with some comparison to previous years. (June 2011).

Status and Outlook for the U.S. Non-Automotive Fuel Cell Industry: Impacts of Government Policies and Assessment of Future Opportunities—This report prepared by Oak Ridge National Laboratory examines the progress that has been made in U.S. non-automotive fuel cell manufacturing in recent years, how fuel cell manufacturers are competing with established technologies in these markets, the role that policies have played in the early development of the U.S. fuel cell industry, and the potential for a sustainable U.S. fuel cell industry. (May 2011).

State of the States 2011: Fuel Cells in America —This report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office, builds on the April 2010 State of the States report that provided a snapshot of fuel cell and hydrogen activity in the 50 states and District of Columbia. This update report provides more detail on the progress and activities that happened since the first report. Details reported for each state include new policies and funding, recent and planned fuel cell and hydrogen installations, and recent activity by state industry and universities. (June 2011).

Cell Component Accelerated Stress Test and Polarization Curve Protocols for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel CellsPDF—These protocols are intended to establish a common approach for determining and projecting the durability of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell components under simulated automotive drive cycle conditions. The document describes test protocols to assess the performance and durability of fuel cell stacks and components intended for automotive propulsion applications. The goal of this testing is to gain a measure of component durability and performance of electrocatalysts and supports, membranes, and membrane electrode assemblies for comparison against DOE and FreedomCAR targets. (December 2010).

2009 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report—This report describes data compiled in 2010 on trends in the fuel cell industry for 2009 with some comparison to previous years. (November 2010).

2010 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Global Commercialization Development Update—This report outlines the role hydrogen and fuel cells can play in a portfolio of technology options available to address the energy-related challenges faced by nations around the world. It offers examples of real-world hydrogen and fuel cell applications and the progress of the technologies, including government policies that increase technology development and commercialization. (November 2010).

2010 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office—This FY 2010 report updates the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (August 2010).

The Business Case for Fuel Cells: Why Top Companies are Purchasing Fuel Cells Today—This report was developed by Fuel Cells 2000 with support from the Fuel Cell Technologies program. The report profiles companies and corporations that are deploying or demonstrating fuel cells for power in warehouses, stores, manufacturing facilities, hotels, and telecommunications sites. (September 2010)

2008 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report—This report describes data compiled in 2009 on trends in the fuel cell industry for 2008 with some comparison to previous years. (July 2010).

State of the States: Fuel Cells in America
This report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office, provides a snapshot of fuel cell and hydrogen activity in the 50 states and District of Columbia. It features the top five fuel cell states (in alphabetical order): California, Connecticut, New York, Ohio, and South Carolina. State activities reported include supportive fuel cell and hydrogen policies, installations and demonstrations, road maps, and level of activism. (2010)

Full Fuel-Cycle Comparison of Forklift Propulsion Systems—This report examines forklift propulsion systems and addresses the potential energy and environmental implications of substituting fuel-cell propulsion for existing technologies based on batteries and fossil fuels. Developed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Argonne National Laboratory. (October 2008).

2009 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program— This report documents the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (August 2009)

2007 Fuel Cell Technologies Market Report—This report describes data compiled in 2008 on trends in the fuel cell industry for 2007 with some comparison to two previous years. (July 2009).

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Transportation

Status and Prospects of the Global Automotive Fuel Cell Industry and Plans for Deployment of Fuel Cell Vehicles and Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure—This report by Oak Ridge National Laboratory assesses the current status of automotive fuel cell technology and the plans for deploying of refueling infrastructure. The report combines information from interviews with automobile manufacturers leading the development of mass-market fuel cell vehicles in Japan, Korea, Germany, and the United States with data from the open literature and public meetings to provide a comprehensive view of the current status of the industry and its future prospects. (July 2013).

Fuel Cell Buses in U.S. Transit Fleets: Current Status 2012—This report is the sixth in an annual series of reports that summarize the progress of fuel cell electric bus (FCEB) development in the United States and discuss the achievements and challenges of introducing fuel cell propulsion in transit. The report also provides a snapshot of current FCEB performance results over the last year. (November 2012).

National Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Learning Demonstration Final Report — This report discusses key analysis results based on data from early 2005 through September 2011 from the U.S. Department of Energy's Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Validation and Demonstration Project, also referred to as the National Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Learning Demonstration. (July 2012).

Transportation Energy Data Book—This data book is a statistical compendium of transportation activity in the United States. (Updated June 25, 2011).

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2010 Update This report is the fourth annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis. It contains estimates for material and manufacturing costs of complete 80 kWnet direct-hydrogen proton exchange membrane fuel cell systems suitable for powering light-duty automobiles. (September 2010).

Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles—This report examines energy use and emissions from primary energy source through vehicle operation to help researchers understand the impact of the upstream mix of electricity generation technologies for recharging plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), as well as the powertrain technology and fuel sources for PHEVs. (June 2010).

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2009 Update This report is the third annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis. It contains estimates for material and manufacturing cost of complete 80 kWnet direct hydrogen proton exchange membrane fuel cell systems suitable for powering light duty automobiles. (January 2010).

Evaluation of Range Estimates for Toyota FCHV-adv Under Open Road Driving Conditions—An evaluation to independently and objectively verify driving ranges of >400 miles announced by Toyota for its new advanced Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle (FCHV-adv) utilizing 70 MPa compressed hydrogen. (August 2009)

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2008 Update—This report estimates fuel cell system cost for systems produced in the years 2006, 2010, and 2015, and is the second annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis. (Directed Technologies, Inc., March 26, 2009).

Direct Hydrogen PEMFC Manufacturing Cost Estimation for Automotive Applications: Fuel Cell Tech Team Review—This presentation reports on direct hydrogen PEMFC manufacturing cost estimation for automotive applications. (TIAX, September 24, 2008).

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications—This presentation reports on the status of mass production cost estimation for direct hydrogen PEM fuel cell systems. (Directed Technologies, Inc., September 24, 2008).

Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2007 Update—This report estimates fuel cell system cost for systems produced in the years 2007, 2010, and 2015, and is the first annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis. (Directed Technologies, Inc., February 29, 2008).

Stationary/Distributed

Fuel Quality Issues in Stationary Fuel Cell Systems—This report prepared by Argonne National Laboratory looks at impurities encountered in stationary fuel cell systems and the effects of the impurities on the fuel cells. The report further identifies the impurity removal strategies that are available and their effectiveness, capacity, and cost. (November 2011).

1-10 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and Technical Potential: Independent Review—This independent review examines the status and technical potential of 1-10 kW stationary combined heat and power fuel cell systems and analyzes the achievability of the DOE cost, efficiency, and durability targets for 2012, 2015, and 2020. (November 2010).

Molten Carbonate and Phosphoric Acid Stationary Fuel Cells: Overview and Gap Analysis—Technical Report (NREL/TP-560-49072), Robert Remick, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Douglas Wheeler, DLW Technology, LLC. (September 2010).

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Auxiliary and Portable Power

Vessel Cold-Ironing Using a Barge Mounted PEM Fuel Cell: Project Scoping and Feasibility—This Sandia National Laboratories study examines the feasibility of a hydrogen-fueled PEM fuel cell barge to provide electrical power to vessels at anchorage or at berth. The study includes both a determination of the technical feasibility of the idea as well as an analysis of potential deployment options. (February 2013).

Electrical Generation for More-Electric Aircraft using Solid Oxide Fuel Cells—This study, completed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, examines approaches to providing electrical power on board commercial aircraft using solid oxide fuel (SOFC) technology. The focus of this study is on application to "more-electric" airplanes with the Boeing 787 used as a case study. (April 2012).

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells for Electrical Power Generation On-Board Commercial Airplanes—This report prepared by Sandia National Laboratories is an initial investigation of the use of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells on-board commercial aircraft. The report examines whether on-board airplane fuel cell systems are technically feasible and, if so, whether they offer a performance advantage for the airplane as a whole. (May 2011).

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Manufacturing

Manufacturing Fuel Cell Manhattan Project—The Office of Naval Research recently sponsored and completed the Manufacturing Fuel Cell Manhattan Project (MFCMP). Utilizing experts from industry, government, and academia, the Navy Manufacturing Technology Program's Benchmarking Best Practices Center of Excellence, in conjunction with Montana Tech, determined the major fuel cell manufacturing cost drivers, gaps, and best practices. As a result, the subject matter experts produced a roadmap to address the various manufacturing issues that were important for the cost reduction of fuel cells to the Navy, Department of Defense (DOD), and commercial interests. The dissemination of these findings is intended to provide R&D sponsors and stakeholders with insight into the technological and manufacturing requirements—and opportunities—for the affordable and reliable maturation of fuel cell manufacturing for DOD and commercial systems. (November 2011).

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