Hydrogen Technical Publications

Technical information about hydrogen published in technical reports, conference proceedings, journal articles, and Web sites is provided here.

General

2012 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office—This FY 2012 report updates the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (September 2012).

2011 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office—This FY 2011 report updates the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (September 2011).

2010 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Global Commercialization Development Update—This report outlines the role hydrogen and fuel cells can play in a portfolio of technology options available to address the energy-related challenges faced by nations around the world. It offers examples of real-world hydrogen and fuel cell applications and the progress of the technologies, including government policies that increase technology development and commercialization. (November 2010).

2010 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office—This FY 2010 report updates the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (August 2010).

IPHE Infrastructure Workshop Proceedings—This proceedings contains information from the IPHE Infrastructure Workshop, a two-day interactive workshop held on February 25-26, 2010, to explore the market implementation needs for hydrogen fueling station development. The workshop was sponsored by the International Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the Economy (IPHE), in cooperation with the California Fuel Cell Partnership, U.S. Department of Energy, and National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Results of the 2008/2009 Knowledge and Opinions Surveys Conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program —This report presents results of a 2008/2009 survey of hydrogen and fuel cell awareness conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The 2008/2009 survey follows up on a similar DOE survey conducted in 2004, measuring levels of awareness and understanding of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in four populations: (1) the general public, (2) students, (3) personnel in state and local governments, and (4) potential end users of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in business and industry.  The 2008/2009 survey includes these four groups and adds a fifth group, safety and code officials. The same survey methods were used for both surveys; the 2008/2009 survey report includes a comparison of 2004 and 2008/2009 findings. Information from these surveys will be used to enhance hydrogen and fuel cell education strategies. (April 2010)

Lifecycle Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Versus Other Technologies for Electrical Energy Storage—This report presents the results of an analysis evaluating the economic viability of hydrogen for medium- to large-scale electrical energy storage applications compared with three other storage technologies: batteries, pumped hydro, and compressed air energy storage (CAES). (November 2009).

Hydrogen Pathways: Cost, Well-to-Wheels Energy Use, and Emissions for the Current Technology Status of Seven Hydrogen Production, Delivery, and Distribution Scenarios—This document reports the levelized cost in 2005 U.S. dollars, energy use, and GHG emission benefits of the seven hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways. Current technology status is reported for each pathway and all technology options have the potential for research and development (R&D) improvements. (September 2009).

2009 Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program—This report documents the results of an effort to identify and characterize commercial and near-commercial (emerging) technologies and products that benefited from the support of the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program and its predecessor programs within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (August 2009).

Hydrogen Briefing to the Department of Energy—Presentation by Dan Rastler, Electric Power Research Institute, May 27, 2008. Focuses on industrial hydrogen market and home hydrogen electrolyzer studies. (May 2008)

Back to Top

Production

Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Biomass Gasification—This independent review report assesses the 2009 state-of-the-art and 2020 projected capital cost, energy efficiency, and levelized cost for hydrogen production from biomass via gasification. The purpose of the review is to gauge progress that industry and the DOE-funded projects have made and to provide guidance regarding direction of future R&D funding. (October 2011).

Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Research (STCH)—Technical Report SAND2011-3622, Sandia National Laboratories. This report documents the evaluation of nine solar thermochemical reaction cycles for the production of hydrogen and identifies the critical path challenges to the commercial potential of each cycle. Robert Perret. (May 2011).

Support for Cost Analyses on Solar-Driven High Temperature Thermochemical Water-Splitting Cycles—This report summarizes the application of chemical process flowsheet analyses and cash flow analyses using DOE's H2A methodology to develop near-term (2015) and longer-term (2025) cost projections for eight solar thermochemical hydrogen production reaction cycles. TIAX LLC. (February 2011).

Technoeconomic Analysis of Photoelectrochemical (PEC) Hydrogen Production—This report documents the engineering and cost characteristics of four PEC hydrogen production systems selected by DOE to represent canonical embodiments of future systems. (December 2009).

Current (2009) State-of-the-Art Hydrogen Production Cost Estimate Using Water Electrolysis—This is an independent review of the estimated 2009 state-of-the-art cost of producing hydrogen from both alkaline and PEM water electrolyzers for distributed and central production. (September 2009).

Technoeconomic Boundary Analysis of Biological Pathways to Hydrogen Production—Report documenting the biological and engineering characteristics of five algal and bacterial hydrogen production systems selected by DOE and NREL for evaluation. (September 2009).

Back to Top

Delivery

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues—This study assesses the potential to deliver hydrogen through the existing natural gas pipeline network as a hydrogen and natural gas mixture to defray the cost of building dedicated hydrogen pipelines. Blending hydrogen into the existing natural gas pipeline network has also been proposed as a means of increasing the output of renewable energy systems such as large wind farms. (March 2013).

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis—This report, by the Nexant team, documents an in-depth analysis of seven hydrogen delivery options to identify the most cost-effective hydrogen infrastructure for the transition and long term. The project objective was to develop an understanding of hydrogen delivery options and plan related R&D efforts.

H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results—An in-depth comparative analysis of promising infrastructure options for hydrogen delivery and distribution to refueling stations from central, semi-central, and distributed production facilities. (May 2008).

Back to Top

Storage

Recommended Best Practices for the Characterization of Storage Properties of Hydrogen Storage Materials – Section 6—This report, written by H2 Technology Consulting under contract with NREL, provides an introduction to and overview of the recommended best practices in making measurements of the hydrogen storage properties of materials. This document includes Section 6—Thermal Properties of Hydrogen Storage Materials. Sections 1–5 are available in a separate document. The goal in developing this report was to create a reference guide of common methodologies and protocols for measuring critical performance properties of advanced hydrogen storage materials and to serve as a resource to the hydrogen storage materials development community to aid in clearly communicating the relevant performance properties of new materials as they are discovered and tested. (February 2013).

Executive Summaries for the Hydrogen Storage Materials Centers of Excellence—This report contains the executive summaries of the final technical reports from the three Hydrogen Storage Centers of Excellence that operated from 2005 through 2010 to develop advanced hydrogen storage materials in the areas of Chemical Hydrogen Storage Materials, Hydrogen Sorbents, and Reversible Metal Hydrides. The report provides a summary of the activities performed, key accomplishments, and recommendations from each Center of Excellence. (April 2012).

Final Report for the DOE Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence—This technical report describes the activities carried out, key accomplishments, and recommendations from the DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence, led by Los Alamos National Laboratory with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory from 2005 through 2010. The center's focus was the development of advanced chemical hydrogen storage materials that had the potential to meet the DOE's system targets for hydrogen storage onboard light-duty vehicles. (April 2012).

Hydrogen Sorption Center of Excellence Final Report—This technical report describes the activities carried out, key accomplishments, and recommendations from the DOE's Hydrogen Sorption Center of Excellence, led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory from 2005 through 2010. The center's focus was the development of advanced hydrogen sorbent materials that had the potential to meet the DOE's system targets for hydrogen storage onboard light-duty vehicles. (April 2012).

Final Report for the DOE Metal Hydride Center of Excellence—This technical report describes the activities carried out, key accomplishments, and recommendations from the DOE's Metal Hydride Center of Excellence, led by Sandia National Laboratory from 2005 through 2010. The center's focus was the development of advanced reversible metal hydride materials that had the potential to meet the DOE's system targets for hydrogen storage onboard light-duty vehicles. (April 2012).

Recommended Best Practices for the Characterization of Storage Properties of Hydrogen Storage Materials—This report, written by H2 Technology Consulting, provides an introduction to and overview of the recommended best practices in making measurements of the hydrogen storage properties of materials. This document includes Sections 1–5. Section 6 is available in a separate document. The goal in developing this report was to create a reference guide of common methodologies and protocols for measuring critical performance properties of advanced hydrogen storage materials and to serve as a resource to the hydrogen storage materials development community to aid in clearly communicating the relevant performance properties of new materials as they are discovered and tested. (February 2012).

Technical Assessment of Organic Liquid Carrier Hydrogen Storage Systems for Automotive Applications—This technical report describes the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) assessment of the performance and cost of organic liquid based hydrogen storage systems for automotive applications. The on-board system performance (by Argonne National Laboratory) and high-volume manufacturing cost (by TIAX LLC) are estimated for a system capable of storing 5.6 kg of usable hydrogen. The results are compared to DOE's 2010, 2017, and ultimate full fleet hydrogen storage targets. The off-board performance including the Well-to-Tank and Well-To-Engine efficiencies, as well as fuel cost, are also estimated and documented in the report. (June 2011).

Reaction of Aluminum with Water to Produce Hydrogen: A Study of Issues Related to the Use of Aluminum for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage—Produced in 2008 by DOE and updated in 2010, this report focuses on the key issues as well as advantages and disadvantages associated with using the reaction between aluminum metal and water for on-board vehicular hydrogen storage. (2010)

Technical Assessment of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications—Technical report describing the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) assessment of the performance and cost of compressed hydrogen storage tank systems for automotive applications. The on-board performance (by Argonne National Lab) and high-volume manufacturing cost (by TIAX LLC) were estimated for compressed hydrogen storage tanks with design pressures of 350 bar (~5000 psi) and 700 bar (~10,000 psi) capable of storing 5.6 kg of usable hydrogen. The system performance and high-volume manufacturing costs were estimated for both type III and IV tanks in both single and multi-tank configurations for each design pressure. The results were compared to DOE's 2010, 2015, and ultimate full fleet hydrogen storage targets. The Well-to-Tank (WTT) efficiency as well as the off-board performance and cost of delivering compressed hydrogen were also estimated and documented in the report. (September 2010).

Technical Assessment of Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications—Technical report describing DOE's second assessment report on a third generation (Gen3) system capable of storing hydrogen at cryogenic temperatures within a pressure vessel on-board a vehicle. The report includes an overview of technical progress to date, including the potential to meet DOE onboard storage targets, as well as independent reviews of system cost and energy analyses of the technology paired with delivery costs. Completed by Rajesh Ahluwalia (Argonne National Lab) and Kurtis McKenney (TIAX) with input from Gene Berry (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), Tobias Brunner (BMW) and Bill Clinkscales (SCI). (December 2009).

Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within the Department of Energy Hydrogen Sorption Center of Excellence—Technical report describing DOE's Hydrogen Sorption Center of Excellence investigation into various adsorbent and chemisorption materials and progress towards meeting DOE's hydrogen storage targets. The report presents a review of the material status as related to DOE hydrogen storage targets and explains the basis for the down select decisions. (February 2010).

Technical Assessment: Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage for Vehicular Applications—Technical report describing DOE's assessment of storing hydrogen at cryogenic temperatures within a pressure vessel on-board a vehicle. The report includes an overview of technical progress to date, including the potential to meet DOE onboard storage targets, as well an independent reviews of system cost and energy analyses of the technology. Completed by Rajesh Ahluwalia (Argonne National Lab) and Kurtis McKenney (TIAX) with input from Salvador Aceves (Lawrence Livermore National Lab) and Tobias Brunner (BMW). (Updated June 2008).

Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within the Department of Energy Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence—Technical report describing DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence investigation into various hydrogen storage materials and progress towards meeting DOE's hydrogen storage targets. The report presents a review of the material status as related to DOE hydrogen storage targets and explains the basis for the down select decisions. (August 2008).

Back to Top