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Energy Analysis Publications

Browse all publications in the Energy Analysis Publication and Product Library.

1. CALiPER Report 21.4: Summary of Linear (T8) LED Lamp Testing
Publication Date: 06/02/2014
A concise guidance document that describes the findings of the CALiPER Series 21 studies and provides practical advice to manufacturers, specifiers, and consumers. Details Bookmark & Share

2. L Prize Drives Technology Innovation, Energy Savings
Publication Date: 04/30/2014
Fact sheet that provides an overview of DOE's L Prize competition, which challenges industry to develop high-quality, high-efficiency SSL products to replace 60W incandescent and PAR38 halogen light bulbs, and highlights the competition's first 60W w Details Bookmark & Share

3. Exploring the Utilization of Complex Algal Communities to Address Algal Pond Crash and Increase Annual Biomass Production for Algal Biofuels
Publication Date: 03/25/2014
This white paper briefly reviews the research literature exploring complex algal communities as a means of increasing algal biomass production via increased tolerance, resilience, and resistance to a variety of abiotic and biotic perturbations occurr Details Bookmark & Share

4. Market Assessment and Commercialization Strategy for the Radial Sandia Cooler
Publication Date: 02/01/2014
This market assessment and commercialization report characterizes and assesses the market potential of the rotating heat exchanger technology developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), known as the Radial Sandia Cooler. The RSC is a novel, moto Details Bookmark & Share

5. Solid-State Lighting: Early Lessons Learned on the Way to Market
Publication Date: 01/31/2014
Analysis of issues and lessons learned during the early stages of solid-state lighting market introduction in the U.S., which also summarizes early actions taken to avoid potential problems anticipated based on lessons learned from the market introdu Details Bookmark & Share

6. Report Summary: Hammer Testing Findings for Solid-State Lighting Luminaires
Publication Date: 01/01/2014
Brief summary of DOE LED Systems Reliability Consortium's Hammer Testing Findings for Solid-State Lighting Luminaires report. Details Bookmark & Share

7. Energy Savings Potential and Opportunities for High-Efficiency Electric Motors in Residential and Commercial Equipment
Publication Date: 11/01/2013
This report describes the current state of motor technology and estimates opportunities for energy savings through application of more advanced technologies in a variety of residential and commercial end uses. The objectives of this report were to ch Details Bookmark & Share

8. SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning
Publication Date: 10/31/2013
Report to help utilities and energy efficiency organizations forecast the order in which important SSL applications will become cost-effective and estimate when each "tipping point" will be reached. Includes performance trend analysis from DOE's LED Details Bookmark & Share

9. Report Summary: SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning
Publication Date: 10/01/2013
Brief summary of SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning report. Details Bookmark & Share

10. Industrial Technical Assistance
Publication Date: 09/01/2013
AMO’s Industrial Technical Assistance program factsheet Details Bookmark & Share

11. Autonomous Vehicles Have a Wide Range of Possible Energy Impacts
Publication Date: 07/15/2013
Self-driving or “autonomous” vehicles (AVs) have leapt from science fiction into the forefront of transportation technology news. The technology is likely still years away from widespread commercial adoption, but the recent progress makes it worth Details Bookmark & Share

12. Fundamental Drivers of the Cost and Price of Operating Reserves
Publication Date: 07/01/2013
Operating reserves impose a cost on the electric power system by forcing system operators to keep partially loaded spinning generators available for responding to system contingencies variable demand. In many regions of the United States, thermal pow Details Bookmark & Share

13. Adoption of Light-Emitting Diodes in Common Lighting Applications
Publication Date: 05/31/2013
Report estimating LED energy savings in nine applications where LEDs compete with traditional lighting sources such as incandescent, halogen, high-pressure sodium, and certain types of fluorescent. The analysis includes indoor lamp, indoor luminaire, Details Bookmark & Share

14. Impact and Process Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America Initiative
Publication Date: 05/20/2013
This report presents an evaluation of the impacts and processes of the former Wind Powering America(WPA) initiative sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). WPA has an underlying goal of dramatically increasing the use of wind energy in the Details Bookmark & Share

15. The Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications
Publication Date: 05/01/2013
This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the ope Details Bookmark & Share

16. Report Summary: Adoption of Light-Emitting Diodes in Common Lighting Applications
Publication Date: 05/01/2013
Brief summary of SSL Adoption of Light-Emitting Diodes in Common Lighting Applications report. Details Bookmark & Share

17. Highly Insulating Windows Volume Purchase Program Final Report
Publication Date: 04/01/2013
This report documents the development, execution outcomes and lessons learned of the Highly Insulating Windows Volume Purchase (WVP) Program carried out over a three-year period from 2009 through 2012. The primary goals of the program were met: 1) re Details Bookmark & Share

18. Product Thumbnail ImageTRANSPORTATION ENERGY FUTURES - Combining Strategies for Deep Reductions in Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
This fact sheet summarizes actions in the areas of light-duty vehicle, non-light-duty vehicle, fuel, and transportation demand that show promise for deep reductions in energy use. Details Bookmark & Share

19. Transportation Energy Futures - Project Overview and Findings Presentation
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
This presentation provides an overview of the Transportation Energy Futures Study and its findings. Details Bookmark & Share

20. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Non-Cost Barriers to Consumer Adoption of New Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
Consumer preferences are key to the adoption of new vehicle technologies. Barriers to consumer adoption include price and other obstacles, such as limited driving range and charging infrastructure; unfamiliarity with the technology and uncertainty ab Details Bookmark & Share

21. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Vehicle Technology Deployment Pathways: An Examination of Timing and Investment Constraints
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
Scenarios of new vehicle technology deployment serve various purposes; some will seek to establish plausibility. This report proposes two reality checks for scenarios: (1) implications of manufacturing constraints on timing of vehicle deployment and Details Bookmark & Share

22. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Potential for Energy Efficiency Improvement Beyond the Light-Duty-Vehicle Sector
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
Considerable research has focused on energy efficiency and fuel substitution options for light-duty vehicles, while much less attention has been given to medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, aircraft, marine vessels, trains, pipeline, and off-road e Details Bookmark & Share

23. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Projected Biomass Utilization for Fuels and Power in a Mature Market
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
The viability of biomass as transportation fuel depends upon the allocation of limited resources for fuel, power, and products. By focusing on mature markets, this report identifies how biomass is projected to be most economically used in the long te Details Bookmark & Share

24. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Effects of the Built Environment on Transportation: Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Other Factors
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
Planning initiatives in many regions and communities aim to reduce transportation energy use, decrease emissions, and achieve related environmental benefits by changing land use. This report reviews and summarizes findings from existing literature on Details Bookmark & Share

25. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Effects of Travel Reduction and Efficient Driving on Transportation: Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Publication Date: 03/15/2013
Since the 1970s, numerous transportation strategies have been formulated to change the behavior of drivers or travelers by reducing trips, shifting travel to more efficient modes, or improving the efficiency of existing modes. This report summarizes Details Bookmark & Share

26. Market and Policy Barriers for Demand Response Providing Ancillary Services in U.S. Markets
Publication Date: 03/01/2013
This study provides an examination of various market and policy barriers to demand response providing ancillary services in both ISO/RTO and non-ISO/RTO regions, especially at the program provider level. It is useful to classify barriers in order to Details Bookmark & Share

27. 2011 Renewable Energy Data Book
Publication Date: 02/01/2013
This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2011 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced wate Details Bookmark & Share

28. Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program
Publication Date: 12/28/2012
This report evaluates the progress of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Better Buildings Neighborhood Program. Details Bookmark & Share

29. Final Report Appendices: Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program
Publication Date: 12/28/2012
Appendices that support the Preliminary Process and Market Evaluation: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program report. Details Bookmark & Share

30. Impact Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Solar Decathlon Program
Publication Date: 12/01/2012
This report includes the methodology and findings in evaluating DOE’s Solar Decathlon event. The primary purpose of this evaluation is to learn how effectively the Solar Decathlon event is meeting its objectives. Details Bookmark & Share

31. Market Brief: Status of the Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Market (2011 Data)
Publication Date: 09/25/2012
This report documents the status and trends of U.S. 'voluntary' markets -- those in which consumers and institutions purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs on a voluntary basis. Voluntary REC markets continue to exhibit growth and Details Bookmark & Share

32. Renewable Electricity Generation
Publication Date: 09/01/2012
This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal. Details Bookmark & Share

33. Tool to Prioritize Energy Efficiency Investments
Publication Date: 08/14/2012
To provide analytic support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of the Building Technology Program (BTP), NREL developed a Microsoft Excel-based tool to provide an open and objective comparison of the hundreds of investment opportunities availa Details Bookmark & Share

34. U.S. Renewable Energy Technical Potentials: A GIS-Based Analysis
Publication Date: 07/19/2012
This report presents the state-level results of a spatial analysis effort calculating energy technical potential, reported in square kilometers of available land, megawatts of capacity, and gigawatt-hours of generation, for six different renewable te Details Bookmark & Share

35. Section 1603 Treasury Grant Expiration: Industry Insight on Financing and Market Implications
Publication Date: 06/22/2012
In the wake of the 2008-2009 financial crises, tax equity investors largely withdrew from the market, resulting in stagnation of project development. In response, Congress established the Treasury grant program pursuant to Section 1603 of the America Details Bookmark & Share

36. Product Thumbnail ImageRenewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 1: Exploration of High-Penetration Renewable Electricity Futures
Publication Date: 06/15/2012
The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geogra Details Bookmark & Share

37. Product Thumbnail ImageRenewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2: Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies
Publication Date: 06/15/2012
The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geogra Details Bookmark & Share

38. Product Thumbnail ImageRenewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 3: End-Use Electricity Demand
Publication Date: 06/15/2012
The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geogra Details Bookmark & Share

39. Product Thumbnail ImageRenewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 4: Bulk Electric Power Systems: Operations and Transmission Planning
Publication Date: 06/15/2012
The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geogra Details Bookmark & Share

40. Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience
Publication Date: 04/30/2012
Many countries—reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems—are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This document summarizes Details Bookmark & Share

41. Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience, Summary for Policymakers
Publication Date: 04/30/2012
Many countries - reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems - are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This document summarizes policy b Details Bookmark & Share

42. Preliminary Analysis of the Jobs and Economic Impacts of Renewable Energy Projects Supported by the §1603 Treasury Grant Program
Publication Date: 04/09/2012
This analysis responds to a request from the Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to estimate the direct and indirect jobs and economic impacts of projects supported Details Bookmark & Share

43. Preliminary Analysis of the Jobs and Economic Impacts of Renewable Energy Projects Supported by the ..Section..1603 Treasury Grant Program
Publication Date: 04/06/2012
This analysis responds to a request from the Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to estimate the direct and indirect jobs and economic impacts of projects supported Details Bookmark & Share

44. 2010 U.S. Lighting Market Characterization
Publication Date: 01/01/2012
The 2010 U.S. Lighting Market Characterization is the second report released by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Solid State Lighting Program that provides summary estimates of the installed stock, energy use, and lumen production of all lamps operati Details Bookmark & Share

45. Comparison of Vehicle Efficiency Technology Attributes and Synergy Estimates
Publication Date: 11/17/2011
Analyzing the future fuel economy of light-duty vehicles (LDVs) requires detailed knowledge of the vehicle technologies available to improve LDV fuel economy. The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) has been relying on techn Details Bookmark & Share

46. History of Load Participation in ERCOT
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Presentation on demand integration by ERCOT for a DOE Workshop. Covers history of load participation in ERCOT from 2002 to present. Details Bookmark & Share

47. Workshop on DR System Operator Breakout Session
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Workshop breakout questions: Is it possible to use load response for ancillary services? Is it desirable? Is it worth the effort? What is required? What are the obstacles? How can DOE help? Details Bookmark & Share

48. Demand Response in the ERCOT Markets
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
ERCOT grid serves 85% of Texas load over 40K+ miles transmission line. Demand response: voluntary load response, load resources, controllable load resources, and emergency interruptible load service. Details Bookmark & Share

49. U.S. Department of Energy Workshop: Load Participation in Ancillary Services
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
List of DOE workshop participants, speakers, facilitators, and planning team. Includes workshop agenda. Workshop held October 25-26, 2011. Details Bookmark & Share

50. Opportunities for Mass Market Demand Response to Provide Ancillary Services
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Discusses what is meant by mass market demand response to provide ancillary services and outlines opportunities for adoption, and barriers to adoption. Details Bookmark & Share

51. Load Participation in Ancillary Services System from An Operator Perspective
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Ancillary services as defined by FERC (Order 888) distinguished by response time, duration, frequency. Met when DR has capability to balance supply and demand; and LMP payment to DR is cost effective. Details Bookmark & Share

52. Load Participation in Ancillary Services Mass Market Report out
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Answers questions: Is it possible to use load response for ancillary services? Is it desirable? Is it worth the effort? What is required? What are the obstacles? How can DOE help? Details Bookmark & Share

53. DOE Workshop: Load Participation in Capacity and Ancillary Services Market
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Presents profile of PJM demand-side resources. PJM provides 24% of generation, 27% of load, and 19% of transmission assets in Eastern Interconnection. Includes case studies. Details Bookmark & Share

54. Load Participation in Ancillary Services Workshop Report
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Developing load participation in ancillary services to the electric grid. Challenges: coordination among multiple entities, targeted R&D for market conditions and regulatory and policy environments. Details Bookmark & Share

55. Smart Grid Solutions That Pay You
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Describes technologies for mature demand-side asset market. Bi-directional DR; less intrusive to customers; challenges: regulatory, ISO and utility focus, engagement of loads, and effective pilots. Details Bookmark & Share

56. Load Participation in Ancillary Services
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Of five basic types of load response (participation), DOE load participation in ancillary services workshop focused on bulk power system reliability services regulation response and spinning reserve. Details Bookmark & Share

57. DOE/OE Load as a Resource R&D Overview
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
DOE R&D and OE’s PSA and ISER programs support OE’s mission to modernize electric grid, enhance energy infrastructure security and reliability, and facilitate recovery from energy supply disruptions. Details Bookmark & Share

58. Large Customers Group Report-out Presentation
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Targets for demand response load participation provide market certainty for sellers, CSPs, and investment in supporting technology. Bigger RPS and resulting variable resources lead to market demand. Details Bookmark & Share

59. Large Customers (DR Sellers)
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
State of the large customers for demand response integration of solar and wind into electric grid; openADR; CAISO; DR as a pseudo generation; commercial and industrial DR strategies; California regulations Details Bookmark & Share

60. ISO New England – Results of Ancillary Service Pilot Programs
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Compares performance of pilot program assets and generation resources in alternative technology regulation and demand response reserves for flywheels and residential electric thermal storage. Details Bookmark & Share

61. ENERNOC Load Participation in Ancillary Services
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Report on EnerNOC. Description of their demand response for ancillary services in wholesale markets, bilateral programs, and lessons learned. NYISO experience. Details Bookmark & Share

62. Comverge contribution to load participation of ancillary services
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Presents Comverge demand response program summary. Discusses advantages of residential aggregation and real-time load management. Compares residential and commercial. Details Bookmark & Share

63. Addressing grid challenges and exploring opportunities, including DR
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Wind is valuable to PNW power generation mix. BPA supports development of wind generation forecasting, utility operational protocols and business practices, Demand Response, and storage applications. Details Bookmark & Share

64. Analytic Challenges to Valuing Energy Storage
Publication Date: 10/25/2011
Electric grid energy storage value. System-level asset focus for mechanical and electrochemical energy storage. Analysis questions for power system planning, operations, and customer-side solutions. Details Bookmark & Share

65. US Renewable Futures in the GCAM
Publication Date: 10/01/2011
This report examines renewable energy deployment in the United States using a version of the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) with a detailed representation of renewables; the GCAM-RE. Electricity generation was modeled in four generation segmen Details Bookmark & Share

66. Product Thumbnail Image2010 Renewable Energy Data Book
Publication Date: 10/01/2011
This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced wate Details Bookmark & Share

67. Guide for Conducting Benefit-Cost Evaluation of Realized Impacts of Public R&D Programs
Publication Date: 08/01/2011
This document provides guidance for evaluators who conduct impact assessments to determine the “realized” economic benefits and costs, energy, environmental benefits, and other impacts of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) Details Bookmark & Share

68. Technical Assessment of Organic Liquid Carrier Hydrogen Storage Systems for Automotive Applications
Publication Date: 06/21/2011
In 2007-2009, the DOE Hydrogen Program conducted a technical assessment of organic liquid carrier based hydrogen storage systems for automotive applications, consistent with the Program’s Multiyear Research, Development, and Demonstration Plan. This Details Bookmark & Share

69. Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol
Publication Date: 05/02/2011
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) promotes the production of ethanol and other liquid fuels from lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks by funding fundamental and applied research that advances the state of technology in biomass collection, conversion, Details Bookmark & Share

70. Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Research (STCH)
Publication Date: 05/01/2011
Eight cycles in a coordinated set of projects for Solar Thermochemical Cycles for Hydrogen production (STCH) were self-evaluated for the DOE-EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Program at a Working Group Meeting on October 8 and 9, 2008. This document report Details Bookmark & Share

71. Process Design and Economics for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol
Publication Date: 05/01/2011
Thermochemical Pathway by Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis Details Bookmark & Share

72. Using Renewable Energy Purchases to Achieve Institutional Carbon Goals: A Review of Current Practices and Considerations.
Publication Date: 01/01/2011
With organizations and individuals increasingly interested in accounting for their carbon emissions, greater attention is being placed on how to account for the benefits of various carbon mitigation actions available to consumers and businesses. Gene Details Bookmark & Share

73. Cost and Performance Assumptions for Modeling Electricity Generation Technologies
Publication Date: 11/01/2010
The goal of this project was to compare and contrast utility scale power plant characteristics used in data sets that support energy market models. Characteristics include both technology cost and technology performance projections to the year 2050. Details Bookmark & Share

74. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (2009 Data)
Publication Date: 09/01/2010
This report documents green power marketing activities and trends in the United States. First, aggregate green power sales data for all voluntary purchase markets across the United States are presented. Next, we summarize data on utility green pricin Details Bookmark & Share

75. 2009 Renewable Energy Data Book
Publication Date: 08/01/2010
This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2009 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced wate Details Bookmark & Share

76. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Research, Development, and Deployment in Meeting Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Goals: The Case of the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act of 2007 (S. 2191)
Publication Date: 06/01/2010
The U.S. federal government is considering actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies could help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, so the cost of these technologies could significantly influence the Details Bookmark & Share

77. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Executive Summary
Publication Date: 05/01/2010
This Study investigates the operational impact of up to 35% energy penetration of wind, photovoltaics (PVs), and concentrating solar power (CSP) on the power system operated by the WestConnect group of utilities in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New M Details Bookmark & Share

78. Evaluating Renewable Portfolio Standards and Carbon Cap Scenarios in the U.S. Electric Sector
Publication Date: 05/01/2010
This report examines the impact of various renewable portfolio standards (RPS) and cap-and-trade policy options on the U.S. electricity sector, focusing mainly on renewable energy generation. The analysis uses the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Details Bookmark & Share

79. Analysis of the Relationship between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation
Publication Date: 03/01/2010
This report analyzes the relationship between vehicle weight, size (wheelbase, track width, and their product, footprint), and safety, for individual vehicle makes and models. Details Bookmark & Share

80. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and the Pursuit of Renewable Energy Manufacturing
Publication Date: 02/01/2010
Future manufacturing of renewable energy equipment in the United States provides economic development opportunities for state and local communities. However, demand for the equipment is finite, and opportunities are limited. U.S. demand is estimated Details Bookmark & Share

81. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study
Publication Date: 01/20/2010
A two and a half year study funded by the Department of Energy and led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) examining the impacts of integrating 20% or 30% wind power into the United States Eastern Interconnection as part of the nati Details Bookmark & Share

82. Renewable Energy Prices in State-Level Feed-in Tariffs: Federal Law Constraints and Possible Solutions
Publication Date: 01/01/2010
This report details how state feed-in tariff (FIT) programs can be legally implemented and how they can comply with federal requirements. The report describes the federal constraints on FIT programs and identifies legal methods that are free of those Details Bookmark & Share

83. Energy Efficiency Policy in the United States: Overview of Trends at Different Levels of Government
Publication Date: 12/01/2009
This report catalogs by sector--buildings, transportation, industrial, and power--energy efficiency policies at the federal, state, and local levels, and identifies some prominent policy trends. Four key findings emerged from this report: 1) leadersh Details Bookmark & Share

84. Carbon Taxes: A Review of Experience and Policy Design Considerations
Publication Date: 12/01/2009
State and local governments in the United States are evaluating a wide range of policies to reduce carbon emissions, including, in some instances, carbon taxes, which have existed internationally for nearly 20 years. This report reviews existing carb Details Bookmark & Share

85. 2009 Thermochemical Conversion Platform Review Report
Publication Date: 12/01/2009
This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent external panel of experts at the U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program’s Thermochemical Conversion platform review meeting, held on April 14-16, 2009, at the Details Bookmark & Share

86. NREL's Clean Energy Policy Analyses Project: 2009 U.S. State Clean Energy Data Book
Publication Date: 10/01/2009
This data book provides a summary of the status of state-level energy efficiency and renewable energy (taken together as clean energy) developments and supporting policy implementation. It is intended as a reference book for those interested in the p Details Bookmark & Share

87. Comments on the Joint Proposed Rulemaking to Establish Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards
Publication Date: 10/01/2009
Tom Wenzel of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory comments on the joint rulemaking to establish greenhouse gas emission and fuel economy standards for light-duty vehicle, specifically on the relationship between vehicle weight and vehicle safety. Details Bookmark & Share

88. State of the States 2009: Renewable Energy Development and the Role of Policy
Publication Date: 10/01/2009
This report tracks the progress of U.S. renewable energy development at the state level, with metrics on development status and reviews of relevant policies. The analysis offers state-by-state policy suggestions and develops performance-based evaluat Details Bookmark & Share

89. Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling Analysis Partnership (REMAP): An Analysis of How Different Energy Models Addressed a Common High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario in 2025.
Publication Date: 09/01/2009
Energy system modeling can be intentionally or unintentionally misused by decision-makers. This report describes how both can be minimized through careful use of models and thorough understanding of their underlying approaches and assumptions. The an Details Bookmark & Share

90. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (2008 Data)
Publication Date: 09/01/2009
Voluntary consumer decisions to buy electricity supplied from renewable energy sources represent a powerful market support mechanism for renewable energy development. In the early 1990s, a small number of U.S. utilities began offering 'green power' o Details Bookmark & Share

91. Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses: Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP Results or the Base Case and Scenarios
Publication Date: 07/22/2009
This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the report for Phase 2 of the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study. Details Bookmark & Share

92. Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses: Main Text and Appendices A, B, C, D, and F
Publication Date: 07/22/2009
This report provides details for Phase 2 of the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study, which compares alternative ways to make significant reductions in oil use and carbon emissions from U.S. light vehicles to 2050. Phase I, completed in 2009, exam Details Bookmark & Share

93. Renewable Energy Project Financing: Impacts of the Financial Crisis and Federal Legislation
Publication Date: 07/01/2009
This report explores the impacts of key market events on renewable energy project financing and development. Details Bookmark & Share

94. 2008 Renewable Energy Data Book
Publication Date: 07/01/2009
This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2008 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced wate Details Bookmark & Share

95. Unlocking the Full Potential of Energy Efficiency in the United States
Publication Date: 07/01/2009
This report discusses the compelling benefits of energy efficiency and the reasons this energy resource warrants being a national priority. It identifies solution strategies, including those proven, piloted, or recently emerged, that could play a rol Details Bookmark & Share

96. A Comparative Analysis of Three Proposed Federal Renewable Electricity Standards
Publication Date: 05/01/2009
This paper analyzes potential impacts of proposed national renewable electricity standard (RES) legislation. An RES is a mandate requiring certain electricity retailers to provide a minimum share of their electricity sales from qualifying renewable p Details Bookmark & Share

97. PTC, ITC, or Cash Grant? An Analysis of Choices Facing Renewable Power Projects in the United States
Publication Date: 03/01/2009
This report analyzes, from the project developer/owner perspective, the choice between the production tax credit (PTC) and the investment tax credit (ITC) or equivalent cash grant for different renewable power technologies. Details Bookmark & Share

98. A Comparative Review of a Dozen National Energy Plans: Focus on Renewable and Efficient Energy
Publication Date: 03/01/2009
Dozens of groups have submitted energy, environmental, and economic recovery plans for consideration by the Obama administration and the 111th Congress. This report provides a comparative analysis of 12 national proposals, focusing especially on ener Details Bookmark & Share

99. State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Energy Rebates
Publication Date: 03/01/2009
This report functions as a primer for renewable energy rebate programs. It highlights the impacts of specific renewable energy rebate programs on renewable energy markets around the country, as well as rebate program impacts on overarching energy pol Details Bookmark & Share

100. Evaluating a Proposed 20% National Renewable Portfolio Standard
Publication Date: 02/01/2009
This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the impacts of a proposed 20% national renewable portfolio standard (RPS) by 2021, which has been advanced in the U.S. Congress by Senator Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico. The paper was prepared before the Am Details Bookmark & Share

101. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (11th Edition)
Publication Date: 10/01/2008
This report documents green power marketing activities and trends in the United States. It presents aggregate green power sales data for all voluntary purchase markets across the United States. It also provides summary data on utility green pricing p Details Bookmark & Share

102. Considerations for Emerging Markets for Energy Savings Certificates
Publication Date: 10/01/2008
Early experiences with energy savings certificates (ESCs) have revealed both their merit and the challenges associated with them. In the United States, there has been little activity to date, so any lessons must be drawn from experiences in Italy, th Details Bookmark & Share

103. State of the States 2008: Renewable Energy Development and the Role of Policy
Publication Date: 10/01/2008
This report details the status of renewable energy development at the state level. Renewable resources are increasing in development overall, but state development varies by resource and rates of change. The report provides insights on the role of p Details Bookmark & Share

104. Renewable Energy Price-Stability Benefits in Utility Green Power Programs. 36 pp
Publication Date: 08/01/2008
This paper examines utility experiences when offering the fixed-price benefits of renewable energy in green pricing programs, including the methods utilized and the impact on program participation. It focuses primarily on utility green pricing progra Details Bookmark & Share

105. Washington International Renewable Energy Conference (WIREC) 2008 Pledges: Methodology and Assumptions Summary
Publication Date: 08/01/2008
This report describes the methodology and assumptions used by NREL in quantifying the potential CO2 reductions resulting from more than 140 governments, international organizations, and private-sector representatives pledging to advance the uptake of Details Bookmark & Share

106. 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply
Publication Date: 07/01/2008
Report on the requirements needed to generate twenty percent of the nation's electricity from wind energy by the year 2030. Details Bookmark & Share

107. Renewables Portfolio Standards in the United States: A Status Report with Data Through 2007
Publication Date: 04/01/2008
As the popularity of renewables portfolio standards (RPS) has grown, so too has the need to keep up with the design, early experience, and projected impacts of these programs grown. This report seeks to fill this need by providing basic, factual info Details Bookmark & Share

108. Understanding the Growth of the Cellulosic Ethanol Industry
Publication Date: 04/01/2008
Report identifies and documents plausible scenarios for producing significant quantities of lignocellulosic ethanol in 2017 as a guide for setting government policy and targeting government investment to areas with greatest potential impact. Details Bookmark & Share

109. Mass Production Cost Estimation for Direct H2 PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Automotive Applications: 2007 Update
Publication Date: 02/29/2008
This report estimates fuel cell system cost for systems produced in the years 2007, 2010, and 2015, and is the first annual update of a comprehensive automotive fuel cell cost analysis. Details Bookmark & Share

110. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (Tenth Edition)
Publication Date: 12/01/2007
This report documents green power marketing activities and trends in the United States, focusing on consumer decisions to purchase electricity supplied from renewable energy sources and how this choice represents a powerful market support mechanism f Details Bookmark & Share

111. SEADS 3.0: Sectoral Energy/Employment Analysis and Data System Methodology, Description, and Users’ Guide. Two Policy Scenarios Examined: An Increase in Government R&D Implementation of Voluntary Intensity. Reductions in Industry
Publication Date: 12/01/2007
This report describes the tool and the underlying methodology for SEADS 3.0, the Sectoral Energy/Employment Analysis and Data System, which is a software package designed for the analysis of policy that could be described by modifying final demands o Details Bookmark & Share

112. Modeling EERE Deployment Programs
Publication Date: 11/01/2007
This report compiles information and conclusions gathered as part of the “Modeling EERE Deployment Programs” project. The purpose of the project was to identify and characterize the modeling of deployment programs within the EERE Technology Developme Details Bookmark & Share

113. Interaction of Compliance and Voluntary Renewable Energy Markets
Publication Date: 10/01/2007
In recent years, both compliance and voluntary markets have emerged to help support the development of renewable energy resources. Both of these markets are growing rapidly and today about half of U.S. states have RPS policies in place, with a number Details Bookmark & Share

114. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)
Publication Date: 10/01/2007
In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 750 utilities—or about 25% of all utilities nationally—provide their customers a “gre Details Bookmark & Share

115. Impact Evaluation Framework For Technology Deployment Programs
Publication Date: 07/01/2007
An approach for quantifying retrospective energy savings, clean energy advances, and market effects. Details Bookmark & Share

116. Implications of Carbon Regulation for Green Power Markets
Publication Date: 04/01/2007
This paper examines the potential effects that emerging mandatory carbon markets have for voluntary markets for renewable energy, or green power markets. In an era of carbon regulation, green power markets will continue to play an important role beca Details Bookmark & Share

117. The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards
Publication Date: 04/01/2007
This report summarizes the treatment of renewable energy attributes in state RPS rules. Its purpose is to provide a source of information for states considering RPS policies, and also to draw attention to certain policy issues that arise when renew Details Bookmark & Share

118. Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Results from Phase 1
Publication Date: 03/09/2007
Presentation reporting Phase 1 results, 3/9/2007. Projecting the future role of advanced drivetrains and fuels in the light vehicle market is inherently difficult, given the uncertainty (and likely volatility) of future oil prices, inadequate underst Details Bookmark & Share

119. Overview of Evaluation Methods for R&D Programs: A Directory of Evaluation Methods Relevant to Technology Development Programs
Publication Date: 03/01/2007
This document provides guidance for evaluators who conduct impact assessments to determine the “realized” economic benefits and costs, energy, environmental benefits, and other impacts of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE) Details Bookmark & Share

120. Projected Benefits of Federal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs: FY 2008 Budget Request
Publication Date: 03/01/2007
This report describes a benefits analysis undertaken by EERE to better understand the extent to which the technologies and market improvements funded by its FY 2008 budget request will make energy more affordable, cleaner, and more reliable. It summa Details Bookmark & Share

121. Oil Independence: Achievable National Goal or Empty Slogan
Publication Date: 02/07/2007
Presentation given at the LERDWG Meeting, February 7, 2007, in Washington, DC. Details Bookmark & Share

122. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)
Publication Date: 10/01/2006
In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 600 utilities—or about 20% of all utilities nationally—provide their customers a “gre Details Bookmark & Share

123. Utility-Marketer Partnerships: An Effective Strategy for Marketing Green Power?
Publication Date: 04/01/2006
This paper explores whether partnerships between utilities and independent marketers are an effective strategy for marketing green power. We present case studies of voluntary and mandatory partnerships covering green power program design and implemen Details Bookmark & Share

124. Projected Benefits of Federal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs: FY 2007 Budget Request
Publication Date: 03/01/2006
This report describes a benefits analysis undertaken by EERE to better understand the extent to which the technologies and market improvements funded by its FY 2007 budget request will make energy more affordable, cleaner, and more reliable. It summa Details Bookmark & Share

125. Financing Projects That Use Clean-Energy Technologies: An Overview of Barriers and Opportunities
Publication Date: 10/01/2005
This technical paper describes the importance of project financing for clean-energy technology deployment. It describes the key challenges in financing clean-energy technology projects, including technical risks, credit worthiness risk, revenue secur Details Bookmark & Share

126. Oil Security Metrics Model
Publication Date: 03/06/2005
A presentation to the IWG GPRA USDOE, March 6, 2005, Washington, DC. OSMM estimates oil security benefits of changes in the U.S. oil market. Details Bookmark & Share

127. Peer Review Guide
Publication Date: 08/01/2004
This guide is based on a survey of Best Practices for In-Progress Peer Reviews. Details Bookmark & Share

128. Projected Benefits of Federal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs: FY 2005 – FY 2050
Publication Date: 05/01/2004
This report describes a benefits analysis undertaken by EERE to better understand the extent to which the technologies and market improvements funded by its FY 2005 budget request will make energy more affordable, cleaner, and more reliable. It summa Details Bookmark & Share

129. Projected Benefits of Federal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs: FY 2004 – FY 2020
Publication Date: 04/01/2004
This report describes a benefits analysis undertaken by EERE to better understand the extent to which the technologies and market improvements funded by its FY 2004 budget request will make energy more affordable, cleaner, and more reliable. It summa Details Bookmark & Share

130. Running Out Of and Into Oil: Analyzing Global Oil Depletion and Transition Through 2050
Publication Date: 10/01/2003
This report presents a risk analysis of world conventional oil resource production, depletion, expansion, and a possible transition to unconventional oil resources such as oil sands, heavy oil and shale oil over the period 2000 to 2050. Risk analysi Details Bookmark & Share

131. Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations
Publication Date: 12/01/1997
These technology characterizations provide descriptions of the leading renewable technologies and discussions of current capabilities in terms of system performance and cost. The report provides projections of future performance and costs based on th Details Bookmark & Share

132. 2050 Study on Transportation Technology and Fuels: Draft Technology Cost Resource Paper
Publication Date:
This paper describes the analysis approach and findings of a study of vehicle technology cost trends that can be anticipated during the next fifty years. Details Bookmark & Share

133. Ethanol Pathways in the 2050 North American Transportation Futures Study
Publication Date:
A paper discussing the various ethanol pathways in the 2050 North American Transportation Futures Study Details Bookmark & Share

134. The Oil Security Metrics Model
Publication Date:
A presentation by David Greene to the IWG GPRA USDOE on March 6, 2005. Details Bookmark & Share

135. Modeling the Oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedeings of the Workshop on the Economic and Implications of Global Energy
Publication Date:
Discusses the implications of an oil peak and/or transition. Details Bookmark & Share

136. Long-Term Energy Scenario Models: A Review of the Literature and Recommendations
Publication Date:
What primary energy resources will replace conventional oil and gas? A key finding of this study is that energy demands can be satisfied by a wide range of energy resources. Details Bookmark & Share

137. EERE Portfolio: Primary Benefits Metrics for FY09
Publication Date:
This collection of data tables shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for both the entire EERE portfolio of renewable energy technologies as well as the individual technologies. Data are pre Details Bookmark & Share

138. Program Benefits of Individual EERE Programs – FY 2010
Publication Date:
This collection of data tables shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for individual renewable energy technologies in the EERE portfolio. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, 2030, a Details Bookmark & Share

139. Projected Benefits of EERE's Portfolio (by program and model)
Publication Date:
This collection of charts shows the benefits metrics for renewable energy technologies in the EERE portfolio for 2010-2050 for both the NEMS and MARKAL models. Details Bookmark & Share

140. Projected Benefits of Federal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs: FY 2003 – FY 2020
Publication Date:
This report summarizes the results of EERE’s annual GPRA (The Government Performance and Results Act of 1993) data call for FY 2003. The reported data communicate the benefits of EERE's portfolio of renewable energy technologies. Details Bookmark & Share

141. Projected Benefits of Individual EERE Programs (primary and secondary)
Publication Date:
This collection of data tables shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for individual renewable energy technologies in the EERE portfolio. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, 2030, a Details Bookmark & Share

142. Projected Benefits of EERE’s Portfolio – FY 2010
Publication Date:
This collection of data tables and charts shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for the entire EERE portfolio of renewable energy technologies. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, Details Bookmark & Share

143. Projected Benefits of EERE's Portfolio - FY 2011
Publication Date:
This collection of data tables and charts shows the benefits metrics related to energy security, environmental impacts, and economic impacts for the entire EERE portfolio of renewable energy technologies. Data are presented for the years 2015, 2020, Details Bookmark & Share