The following steps are adapted from the FEMA Emergency Management Guide for Business and Industry. The guide is designed to help businesses and industrial plants plan, prepare, and implement a hurricane response.
Steps in Preparing for a Hurricane
1) Establish a Planning Team
- Choose a leader and staff based on their skills and capabilities.
- Assign specific tasks to either individuals and/or teams.
2) Analyze Capabilities and Hazards
- Assess current preparations, potential risks, impacts of power failures and structural damage, and ways to mitigate damage.
- To prepare for flooding, contact your local floodplain manager or other official to learn your risks; use flood-resistant building materials; erect physical barriers, anchor tanks and other structures.
- To prepare for high winds, reinforce roof and siding panels; cover windows and doors; anchor tanks; remove loose objects from your site.
- Have emergency backup power—e.g., a generator, battery storage, or combined heat and power (CHP) system; obtain utility contact information for power outages.
3) Develop your Plan
- Plan for before, during, and after an emergency; establish protocols for employees' safety and site readiness.
- Prioritize a list of site preparations; update emergency power and supply options.
- Establish emergency communications systems and backups.
- Establish staff responsibilities and procedures for shutdown, recovery, and restart.
- Develop an evacuation plan, including support for employees.
- Establish procedures to shut down utility and process operations safely.
- Find ways to protect records, materials, and inventory.
- Update your list of contacts for before, during, and after the emergency.
4) Implement your Plan
- Track the storm's path and intensity through the National Hurricane Center.
- Stay in touch with your state's emergency operations center.
- Stay in touch with corporate headquarters, other plants, employees, customers, and suppliers.
- Carry out procedures for site preparation, emergency backup, shutdown, and evacuation.
- Assess damages and prioritize repairs.
- Communicate with energy providers about restoring energy supplies.
- Locate critical personnel (skilled electricians, construction workers, maintenance staff, operators) to help get the plant up and running.
- Locate staff and return them to the site when provisions are available.
- Acquire replacement parts and materials and transport them to the site.
- Request assistance from utilities, state organizations, relief organizations.
- If you produce materials critical to restoration, coordinate with Emergency Operations Centers.