Fact #812: January 13, 2014
The Number of Models Achieving 40 MPG or More is Increasing Rapidly
For the 2009 model year, there were only two models that achieved a combined EPA rating of 40 MPG or higher. By the 2013 model year, that number rose to 30 models. In 2009, the only two models with a combined rating of 40 MPG or higher were conventional hybrids with a top fuel economy of 46 MPG. In 2013, the models that met or exceeded 40 MPG include conventional hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and all electric vehicles, seven of which exceed 100 MPGe*. It is also noteworthy that by the 2013 model year, the vehicles that achieved a combined average of 40 MPG or more represent a wide variety of size classes including midsize and large sedans as well as station wagons and an SUV.
* MPGe – Miles per Gallon equivalent, is a unit used by the EPA for electric vehicles to make their efficiency ratings directly comparable to gasoline-powered vehicles. The conversion rate used by the EPA is 33.705 kW-hrs of electricity equals the energy contained in one gallon of gasoline.
|BMW Active E||102||Subcompact|
|Honda Civic Hybrid||42||Compact||41||Compact||44||Compact|
|smart fortwo electric drive coupe||87||Two-seater||107||Two-seater|
|smart fortwo electric drive convertible||87||Two-seater||107||Two-seater|
|Lexus CT 200h||42||Compact||42||Compact|
|Scion iQ EV||121||Minicompact|
|Honda Fit EV||118||Small Station Wagon|
|Tesla Model S (40 kW-hr battery pack||94||Large|
|Tesla Model S (60 kW-hr battery pack)||95||Large|
|Tesla Model S (85 kW-hr battery pack)||89||Large|
|Toyota RAV4 EV||76||Small SUV|
|Toyota Prius c||80||Compact|
|Toyota Prius v||42||Midsize Station Wagon|
|Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid||58**||Midsize|
|Ford Fusion Hybrid||44||Midsize|
|Ford Fusion Energi||58**||Midsize|
|Lincoln MKZ Hybrid||45||Midsize|
|Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid||45||Compact|
|Ford C-MAX Hybrid||43||Large|
|Ford C-MAX Energi||58**||Midsize|
|Toyota Camry Hybrid||40||Midsize|
|Lexus ES 300h||40||Midsize|
|Toyota Avalon Hybrid||40||Midsize|
|**For plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, the EPA's blended gasoline and electric combined average is used.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Fueleconomy.gov website accessed on November 13, 2013.