U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
First Wind-Integrated High-Rise Under Construction in Bahrain
April 11, 2007
The world's first integration of utility-scale wind turbines into a
building has been completed in Bahrain. Atkins, a leading provider of
technology-based consultancy and support services, announced in late
March that it has installed large wind turbines onto three 50-ton
bridges that span the two towers of the Bahrain World Trade Center.
The 50-story structure, under construction in Manama, Bahrain, is
designed to channel the wind between the two towers and past the
blades of the three wind turbines, which are 29 meters in diameter.
According to Atkins, the wind turbines will supply up to 15 percent of
the energy needs for the two towers. See the Atkins press release, and
for an illustration of the completed building, see the
Bahrain World Trade Center Web site.
A European study published in 2005 examined the potential for such
building-integrated wind turbines in the United Kingdom. The study
recommended further research on the wind regime in urban areas and
around isolated buildings; the structural and noise implications of
mounting wind turbines onto a building; and the optimal design for
building-integrated wind turbines. The report also reviewed the
experience with building-integrated wind turbines. At the time of that
report, the largest such project involved the installation of three
5-meter wind turbines on the roof of a building. In contrast, the wind
turbines in the Bahrain World Trade Center are fully integrated into
the design of the buildings. See the 118-page U.K. report (PDF 4 MB).
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