U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
G8 Leaders Agree to Set New Global Greenhouse Gas Goals
June 13, 2007
The world's eight leading industrialized nations—Canada, France,
Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United
States—agreed on June 7th to set a global goal for reducing emissions
of greenhouse gases. During the annual summit for the Group of Eight
(G8) in Germany, the leaders committed to taking "strong and early
action to tackle climate change in order to stabilize greenhouse gas
(GHG) concentrations at a level that would prevent dangerous
anthropogenic (human-caused) interference with the climate system."
The leaders will also "consider seriously" the commitment by the
European Union, Canada, and Japan to cut global GHG emissions in half
The G8 agreement calls on all parties to actively and constructively
participate in the United Nations' Climate Change Conference in
Indonesia in December to develop a comprehensive agreement that
includes all major GHG emitters and would take effect after 2012, when
the Kyoto Protocol expires. It also calls for all major emitters to
agree on a new global framework for GHG reductions by the end of 2008,
which would lead to a global agreement under the United Nations
Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) by 2009. The plan was
welcomed by the executive secretary of the UNFCCC and was endorsed by
the Group of Five countries with emerging economies, namely Brazil,
China, India, Mexico, and South Africa.
The agreement acknowledges the important role of clean energy
technologies in achieving GHG reductions and endorses the use of
market mechanisms to encourage the development and deployment of these
technologies. It also includes an extensive list of international
efforts to promote energy efficiency, including the establishment of a
"Sustainable Buildings Network" and efforts to encourage energy
efficiency in transportation, power generation, and industry. See the
White House fact sheet;
pages 13 to 28 of the G8 Summit Declaration, "Growth and Responsibility in the World Economy"
(PDF 212 KB);
the G8 announcement;
the joint announcement by the G8 and the Group of Five (PDF 21 KB)
and the June 8th announcement on the UNFCCC Web site.
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