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Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines

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Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines since 2012. Refrigerated beverage vending machines dispense cooled bottles or cans of beverages, and some of these machines also dispense other merchandise. Refrigerated beverage vending machines are installed inside or outside of commercial, residential, and public establishments, such as gas stations, hotels and motels, apartments or dormitories, and government buildings.

An amended standard, which requires compliance in 2019, will save approximately 0.122 quads of energy and is projected to provide customers a net present value of $0.51 billion over the lifetime of refrigerated beverage vending machine equipment shipped from 2019 to 2048. The standard will avoid 7 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions. 

The standards and test procedures for this product are related to rulemaking for refrigerated beverage vending machines energy conservation standards.


Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information


Recent Updates

DOE has published a Federal Register final rule pertaining to energy conservation standards for beverage vending machines. 81 FR 1028 (January 8, 2016). For more information please see the rulemaking webpage

DOE has published a final rule regarding test procedures for refrigerated beverage vending machines. 80 FR 45758 (July 31, 2015). For more information, please see Docket No. EERE-2013-BT-TP-0045 at regulations.gov. 


Standards for Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines

The following content summarizes the energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines. The text is not an official reproduction of the Code of Federal Regulations and should not be used for legal research or citation.

Current Standard

Refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines covered under this regulation fall into two classes:

  • Class A – a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine that is fully cooled, and is not a combination machine.
  • Class B – any refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine not considered to be Class A, and is not a combination vending machine.

Refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines manufactured on or after August 31, 2012 and distributed in commerce, as defined by 42 U.S.C. 6291(16), must meet the energy conservation standards specified in the Code of Federal Regulations, 10 CFR 431.296. This information is also available in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.

Table 1. Maximum Daily Energy Consumption for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines
Equipment Class Maximum daily energy consumption (kilowatt hours per day)*
Class A a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine that is fully cooled, and is not a combination vending machine MDEC = 0.055 x V + 2.56
Class B a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine not considered to be Class A, and is not a combination vending machine MDEC = 0.073 x V + 3.16
Combination Vending Machines – a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage machine that also has non-refrigerated volumes for the purpose of vending other, non-“sealed beverage” merchandise [RESERVED]

* when measured at the 75 °F ± 2 °F and 45 ± 5% RH condition

Amended Standard

New and amended standards were issued for refrigerated beverage vending machines.  The full text of the amended standard is available in the Code of Federal Regulations, 10 CFR 431.292 and 10 CFR 431.296.  This information is also available in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations


Table 2. Maximum Daily Energy Consumption for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines

Equipment Class

Maximum daily energy consumption (kilowatt hours per day)*

Class A a refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine that is not a combination vending machine and in which 25 percent or more of the surface area on the front side of the beverage vending machine is transparent

MDEC = 0.052 x V** + 2.43

Class B any refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine that is not considered to be Class A and is not a combination vending machine

MDEC = 0.052 x V** + 2.20

Combination A – a combination vending machine where 25 percent or more of the surface area on the front side of the beverage vending machine is transparent

MDEC = 0.086 x V** + 2.66

Combination B – a combination vending machine that is not considered to be Combination A

MDEC = 0.111 x V** + 2.04

* when measured at the 75 °F ± 2 °F and 45 ± 5% RH condition

** “V” is the representative value of refrigerated volume (ft3) of the BVM model, as measured in accordance with the method for determining refrigerated volume adopted in the recently amended DOE BVM test procedure and appropriate sampling plan requirements at 10 CFR 429.52(a)(3).  80 FR 45758 (July 31, 2015). 


Final Rule: Standards, pre-publication, Federal Register, (December 23, 2015)
Docket No. EERE-2013-BT-STD-0022 contains notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents.

Test Procedure for Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines

Current Test Procedure

To determine compliance with DOE standards, manufacturers must follow the test procedures specified at 10 CFR 431.294 for refrigerated beverage vending machines. These are also in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.

  • Final Rule, Federal Register, 71 FR 71340, December 8, 2006
  • Docket No. EERE-2006-TP-0121 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents

On July 31, 2015, DOE published an amended test procedure for beverage vending machines, including an Appendix A and Appendix B.  Appendix A is required for testing and certification of beverage vending machines beginning on January 27, 2016.  Appendix B is required to demonstrate compliance with the new and amended energy conservation standards and mandatory for equipment testing.

Test Procedures: Final Rule, Federal Register, 80 FR 45758 (July 31, 2015)

Docket No. EERE-2013-BT-TP-0045 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents.

For further guidance or to submit questions related to the implementation of this standard, visit the Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions page.

Waivers, Exceptions, and Exemptions

Waivers

Test procedure waivers have not been issued for refrigerated beverage vending machines. For information about obtaining test procedure waivers, see 10 CFR section 431 subpart V.

Exceptions

DOE's Office of Hearings and Appeals has not authorized exception relief for refrigerated beverage vending machines. For information about obtaining exception relief, see 10 CFR part 1003.

State Exemptions to Federal Preemption

DOE did not exempt any state from this energy conservation standard. States may petition DOE to exempt a state regulation from preemption by the federal energy conservation standard. States may also petition DOE to withdraw such exemptions. For details, see 10 CFR 431 subpart V or 10 CFR 431 subpart W.

Statutory Authority

The current energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines are mandated by Part A, the ‘‘Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles’’ of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended. (42 U.S.C. 6291–6309) These appliances are treated as covered products under Part A. (42 U.S.C. 6295(v))

Historical Information

DOE established energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage machines in 2009, and test procedures in 2006. DOE amended energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines in a rule issued in December 2015. DOE also revised test procedures for refrigerated beverage vending machines in a rule published in July 2015.

Helpful Links and Contact Information

Helpful Links

Find tips and guidance for making your home, workplace, or vehicle more energy efficient visit EnergySaver.gov.

DOE supports the testing and verification of ENERGY STAR® products in close collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency. ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerated beverage vending machines are 50% more energy efficient than standard machine models.

Contact information

For more information related to the regulation of this product, please email:


refrigerated_beverage_vending_machines@ee.doe.gov