Computer and Backup Battery Systems
Computer and backup battery systems (computer systems) are a consumer product whose primary function is to perform logical operations and process data, or equipment whose primary function is to maintain continuity of load power for such products in case of input power failure. Computers, servers, and UPSs are examples of computer systems.
If DOE issues a final determination that computer systems are a covered product, DOE may prescribe test procedures and energy conservation standards for computer systems. DOE will determine if computer systems satisfy the provisions of 42 U.S.C. 6295(l)(1) during the course of any energy conservation standards rulemaking.
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DOE published a notice of proposed determination regarding computer systems. 79 FR 11345 (February 28, 2014). This notice supersedes DOE’s previous proposed determination of coverage relating to computers and expands the scope of coverage to include computer systems. DOE has also published a notice withdrawing the previously proposed determination that computer servers qualify as a covered product. 79 FR 11350 (February 28, 2014). For more information, please see the rulemaking page.
Standards for Computer and Backup Battery Systems
There are currently no standards for computer systems.
There is not currently a regulatory test procedure for computer systems.
Because there are no energy conservation standards or test procedures for computer systems, the provisions of 10 CFR Part 430 and Part 1003 that apply to waivers, exceptions, state exemptions to Federal pre-emption, and small business exemptions are not relevant.
Part A of the "Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles" of Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended, mandates energy conservation standards for certain consumer products. (42 U.S.C. § 6291–6309 ) In addition to specifying a list of covered residential and commercial products, EPCA contains provisions that enable the Secretary of Energy to classify additional types of consumer products as covered products.(42 U.S.C. 6292(b)). These include:
- Classifying the product as a covered product is necessary for the purposes of EPCA; and
- The average annual per-household energy use by products of such type is likely to exceed 100 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year. (42 U.S.C. 6292(b)(1))
For the Secretary to prescribe an energy conservation standard pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 6295(o) and (p) for covered products added pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 6292(b) , he must also determine that the products meet certain additional criteria. DOE will determine if computers satisfy the provisions of 42 U.S.C. 6295(l)(1) during the course of the energy conservation standards rulemaking.
DOE has not previously conducted an energy conservation standard or test procedure rulemaking for computer systems. If, after public comment, DOE issues a final determination of coverage, DOE may prescribe both test procedures and energy conservation standards for computer systems.
Helpful Links and Contact Information
Find tips and guidance for making your home, workplace, or vehicle more energy efficient visit EnergySavers.gov.
DOE supports the testing and verification of ENERGY STAR® products in close collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency.
For more information related to the regulation of this product, please email: