Commercial Refrigeration Equipment

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As defined in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), “Commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer” (collectively referred to as “commercial refrigeration equipment) means refrigeration equipment that:

(1) Is not a consumer product (as defined in §430.2 of part 430);

(2) Is not designed and marketed exclusively for medical, scientific, or research purposes;

(3) Operates at a chilled, frozen, combination chilled and frozen, or variable temperature;

(4) Displays or stores merchandise and other perishable materials horizontally, semi-vertically, or vertically;

(5) Has transparent or solid doors, sliding or hinged doors, a combination of hinged, sliding, transparent, or solid doors, or no doors;

(6) Is designed for pull-down temperature applications or holding temperature applications; and

(7) Is connected to a self-contained condensing unit or to a remote condensing unit.  10 CFR 431.62

Current Standard | Current Test Procedure | Ongoing Rulemaking for Standards | Ongoing Rulemaking for Test Procedure | Helpful Links

Recent and Ongoing Activities

DOE has published a Federal Register notice pertaining to energy conservation standards for commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers (CRE). The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), prescribes standards for various consumer equipment and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including CRE. EPCA also requires DOE to periodically determine whether more stringent standards would be technologically feasible and economically justified and would result in significant energy savings. In this notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR), DOE proposes new and amended standards for CRE, and also announces a public meeting to receive comment on these proposed standards and associated analyses and results.

  • DOE will accept comments, data, and information regarding this NOPR until December 11, 2023.
  • Interested persons may submit comments identified by docket number EERE-2017-BT-STD-0007, by email (, Federal eRulemaking portal (
  • DOE will hold a public meeting on Tuesday, November 7th, 2023, from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., in Washington, DC.
  • The public meeting will be held at the U.S. Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 6E-069, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20585.
  • To attend in-person please email
  • Click here to register for the webinar.
  • Foreign Nationals interested in participating in this meeting or webinar, must be screened by DOE Headquarters Security prior to being granted access. Please email to complete the necessary documentation at least two weeks prior to scheduled meeting date.
  • Additional webinar registration information, participant instructions, and information about the capabilities available to webinar participants will be published on DOE's website:

DOE has published a Federal Register notice amending the test procedures for commercial refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers (CRE) to reference the latest versions of the applicable industry standards. DOE also establishes definitions and test procedures for new equipment categories, adopts test procedures consistent with recently published waivers and interim waivers, establishes product-specific enforcement provisions, allows for volume determinations based on computer-aided designs, specifies a sampling plan for volume and total display area, and adopts additional clarifying amendments.

  • The effective date of this rule is October 26, 2023.
  • The amendments will be mandatory for equipment testing starting September 20, 2024.
  • The incorporation by reference of certain material listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register on October 26, 2023.

For the latest information on the planned timing of future DOE regulatory milestones, see the current Office of Management and Budget Unified Agenda of Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions. All planned dates are preliminary and subject to change.


Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
  • Federal Register 88FR70196 (October 10, 2023)
Notice of Availability of Preliminary Technical Support Document and Request for Comment
Request for Information
  • Federal Register, 86FR37708 (July 16, 2021)

The commercial refrigeration equipment energy conservation standard rulemaking docket EERE-2017-BT-STD-0007 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents pertaining to this rulemaking.

Public Meeting Information:

There is no public meeting scheduled at this time.

Submitting Public Comments

The comment period is closed.

Test Procedure

Final Rule
  • Federal Register 88FR66152 (September 26, 2023)
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
  • Federal Register, 87FR39164 (June 30, 2022)
Request for Information
  • Federal Register, 86FR31182 (July 11, 2021)

The commercial refrigeration equipment test procedure rulemaking docket EERE-2017-BT-TP-0008 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents pertaining to this rulemaking. 

Public Meeting Information

There is no public meeting scheduled at this time.

Submitting Public Comments

The comment period is closed.

Current Standard

Commercial refrigeration equipment manufactured and distributed in commerce, as defined by 42 U.S.C. 6291(16), must meet the energy conservation standards specified in the Code of Federal Regulations at 10 CFR 431.66.

Current Test Procedure

To determine that commercial refrigeration equipment that is currently manufactured or distributed into commerce is in compliance with DOE standards, manufacturers must follow the test procedure methods specified at 10 CFR 431.64.

Helpful Links


DOE has established regulations on certification, compliance, and enforcement in the CFR at 10 CFR Part 429.  These regulations cover statistical sampling plans, certified ratings, certification reports, record retention, and enforcement.  More information on these regulations is available here.


For information on current test procedure waivers, see DOE’s Waivers webpage

For information about obtaining test procedure waivers, see 10 CFR 430.27.


DOE's Office of Hearings and Appeals has not authorized exception relief for commercial refrigeration equipment.

For information about obtaining exception relief, see 10 CFR part 1003.

Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions

For information on further guidance and answers to Frequently Asked Questions on all covered products, see DOE’s Further Guidance database

State Exemptions to Federal Pre-emption

DOE has not exempted any state from this energy conservation standard. States may petition DOE to exempt a state regulation from preemption by the Federal energy conservation standard. States may also petition DOE to withdraw such exemptions. For details, see 10 CFR part 430, subpart D.

Contact information

For more information related to this product, please email: