Consumer Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps

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As defined in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), “residential central air conditioners and heat pumps” are installed as part of a home’s central heating and cooling system. They use ducts to distribute cooled or dehumidified air to more than one room. Residential central air conditioners and heat pumps include split system central air conditioners and heat pumps; single package central air conditioners, single package heat pumps, small-duct high-velocity products, and space constrained products. 10 CFR 430.2 Manufacturers have been required to comply with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) energy conservation standards for residential central air conditioners and heat pumps since 1992.

Current Standard | Current Test Procedure | Ongoing Rulemaking for Standards | Ongoing Rulemaking for Test Procedure | Helpful Links


Recent and Ongoing Rulemakings

For the latest information on the planned timing of future DOE regulatory milestones, see the current Office of Management and Budget Unified Agenda of Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions. All planned dates are preliminary and subject to change.

Standards

DOE has published a Federal Register notice detailing the effective date and compliance dates for DOE's direct final rule (DFR) pertaining to energy conservation standards for Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps. 82FR24211. (May 26, 2017)

DOE has published a Federal Register of the notice of proposed rulemaking pertaining to air conditioners and heat pumps 82 FR 1608 (January 6, 2017).

DOE has published a Federal Register of the direct final rule pertaining to air conditioners and heat pumps 82 FR 1786 (January 6, 2017).

The residential central air conditioners and heat pumps energy conservation standard rulemaking docket EERE–2014–BT–STD–0048 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents pertaining to this rulemaking.

Public Meeting Information:

There is no public meeting scheduled at this time.

Submitting Public Comments

DOE will accept comments, data, and information regarding the proposed standards no later than April 26, 2017.

Any comments submitted must identify the proposed rule for energy conservation standards for consumer central air conditioners and heat pumps, and provide docket number EERE-2014-BT-STD-0048 and/or regulatory information number (RIN) 1904-AD37. Comments may be submitted using any of the following methods:

1. Federal eRulemaking Portal: www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.

2. Email: CACHeatPump2014STD0048@ee.doe.gov. Include the docket number and/or RIN in the subject line of the message. Submit electronic comments in WordPerfect, Microsoft Word, PDF, or ASCII file format, and avoid the use of special characters or any form of encryption.

3. Postal Mail: Appliance and Equipment Standards Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Building Technologies Office, Mailstop EE-5B, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC, 20585-0121. If possible, please submit all items on a compact disc (CD), in which case it is not necessary to include printed copies.

4. Hand Delivery/Courier: Appliance and Equipment Standards Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Building Technologies Office, 950 L' Enfant Plaza, SW., 6th Floor, Washington, DC, 20024. Telephone: (202) 586-6636. If possible, please submit all items on a CD, in which case it is not necessary to include printed copies

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Request for Information

Notice of Intent and Public Meeting

Notice of Public Meeting

Notice of Data Availability

Notice of Public Meeting

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

Direct Final Rule

Compliance Date Notice Notice of Compliance Dates, 82 FR 24211, (May 26, 2017)
Compliance

The direct final rule for residential air conditioners and heat pumps published on January 6, 2017 (82 FR 1786) became effective on May 8, 2017. Compliance with the residential air conditioners and heat pumps standards in the direct final rule will be required on January 1, 2023.

 

Test Procedure

DOE has published a final rule in the Federal Register further delaying the effective date pertaining to test procedures for central air conditioners and heat pumps. 82 FR 14425  (March 21, 2017).

DOE has published a final rule in the Federal Register delaying the effective date pertaining to test procedures for central air conditioners and heat pumps. 82 FR 8985  (February 2, 2017).

DOE has published a Federal Register notice of final rule pertaining to test procedures for central air conditioners. 82 FR 1426  (January 5, 2017)

DOE has published a Federal Register supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking pertaining to test procedures for central air conditioners and heat pumps 81 FR 58164 (August 24, 2016).  DOE is proposing to revise its test procedures for central air conditioners and heat pumps (CAC/HP). DOE published several proposals in a November 2015 supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (SNOPR). DOE finalized some of the amendments in a June 2016 final rule. This SNOPR proposes additional revisions to the central air conditioner and heat pump test procedures, mainly in Appendix M1, and also clarifies other aspects of the test procedure.

DOE has published a Federal Register notice of final rule and technical correction pertaining to test procedures for central air conditioners and heat pumps. 81FR55111 (August 18, 2016). On June 8, 2016, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a final rule in the Federal Register that amended the test procedures for central air conditioners and heat pumps. This final rule corrects multiple editorial errors in that final rule.

Public Meeting Information

There is no public meeting scheduled at this time.

Submitting Public Comments

The comment period is closed.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
Final Rule
  • Notice of Final Rule Federal Register, 82 FR 1426  (January 5, 2017)
  • Final Rule; delay of effective date, Federal Register 82 FR 8985 (February 2, 2017).
  • Final Rule; further delay of effective date, Federal Register 82 FR 14425 (March 21, 2017).

The residential central air conditioners and heat pumps test procedure rulemaking docket EERE-2009–BT–TP–0004 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents pertaining to this rulemaking.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2

Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 3

Final Rule
  • Final Rule, Federal Register 81FR36992 (June 8, 2016).
  • The effective date of this rule is July 8, 2016. The final rule changes will be mandatory for representations of efficiency starting December 5, 2016.
Final Rule, Correction

 

Enforcement of Regional Standards

DOE has published a Federal Register final rule pertaining to the enforcement of regional standards for central air conditioners 81 FR 45387 (July 14, 2016).  This rule adopts requirements related to the enforcement of regional standards for central air conditioners.

The residential central air conditioners and heat pumps enforcement of regional standards rulemaking docket EERE-2011-BT-CE-0077 contains all notices, public comments, public meeting transcripts, and supporting documents pertaining to this rulemaking.

Public Meeting Information

There is no public meeting scheduled at this time.

Submitting Public Comments

The comment period is closed.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Notice of Data Availability

Notice of Intent

  • Notice of Intent, Federal Register, 79 FR 33870 (June 13, 2014)
  • Comment deadline: Closed

Notice of Membership

Notice of Public Meeting






 

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

Final Rule
  • Final Rule, Federal Register, 81 FR 45387 (July 14, 2016)

  • The effective date of this rule is August 15, 2016.


Current Standard

Residential central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps manufactured and distributed in commerce, as defined by 42 U.S.C. 6291(16), must meet the energy conservation standards specified in the Code of Federal Regulations at CFR 430.32(c)(3).


Current Test Procedure

To determine that residential central air conditioners and heat pumps that are currently manufactured or distributed into commerce are in compliance with DOE standards, manufacturers must follow the test procedure methods specified at 10 CFR 430.23(m).

Extension for the Compliance Date pertaining to Representations under the Federal central air conditioner and heat pump test procedure

- AAON Inc decision letter
- Advanced Distribution Products decision letter
- Allstyle Coil Company decision letter
- Aspen Mfg. decision letter
- First Company decision letter
- Goodman Global Inc. decision letter
- Johnson Controls Incorporated decision letter
- Mortex Products, Inc. decision letter
- Rheem Manufacturing Company decision letter
- Unico, Inc. decision letter

-Johnson Controls, Inc decision letter (June 2017)


Helpful Links

Compliance

DOE has established regulations on certification, compliance, and enforcement in the CFR at 10 CFR Part 429.  These regulations cover statistical sampling plans, certified ratings, certification reports, record retention, and enforcement.  More information on these regulations is available here.

Waivers

For information on current test procedure waivers, see DOE’s Waivers webpage.

For information about obtaining test procedure waivers, see 10 CFR 430.27.

Exceptions

DOE's Office of Hearings and Appeals has authorized exception relief for residential central air conditioners and heat pumps.

Issued To

Date

Case No.

SpacePak, Inc.

05/24/2004

TEE-0010PDF

Unico, Inc.

05/24/2004

TEE-0011PDF

Energy Savings Products, Ltd.

09/28/2005

TEE-0026PDF

 

For information about obtaining exception relief, see 10 CFR part 1003.

Guidance and Frequently Asked Questions

For information on further guidance and answers to Frequently Asked Questions on all covered products, see DOE’s Further Guidance database.

State Exemptions to Federal Pre-emption

DOE has not exempted any state from this energy conservation standard. States may petition DOE to exempt a state regulation from preemption by the Federal energy conservation standard. States may also petition DOE to withdraw such exemptions. For details, see 10 CFR part 430, subpart D.

ENERGY STAR®

DOE supports the testing and verification of ENERGY STAR® products in close collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency.

Find tips and guidance for making your home, workplace, or vehicle more energy efficient visit EnergySavers.gov.

Contact information

For more information related to this product, please email:
ApplianceStandardsQuestions@ee.doe.gov


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